When conflict escalates into intimate partner violence: The delicate nature of observed coercion in adolescent romantic relationships

Phuong Ha, Hanjoe Kim, Shannon McGill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigated how initial conflicts in adolescent romantic relationships escalate into serious forms of conflict, including intimate partner violence (IPV). We focused on whether adolescents' micro-level interaction patterns, i.e., coercion and positive engagement, mediated between conflict and future IPV. The sample consisted of 91 heterosexual couples, aged 13 to 18 years (M = 16.5, SD = 0.99) from a diverse background (42% Hispanic/Latino, 42% White). Participants completed surveys about conflict at Time 1, and they participated in videotaped conflict and jealousy discussions. At Time 2, participants completed surveys about conflict and IPV, and an average daily conflict score was calculated from ecological momentary assessments. Multilevel hazard models revealed that we did not find support for dyadic coercion as a risk process leading to escalations in conflict. However, a higher likelihood of ending dyadic positive behaviors mediated between earlier levels of conflict and a latent construct of female conflict and IPV. Classic coercive dynamics may not apply to adolescent romantic relationships. Instead, not being able to reinforce levels of positivity during conflict predicted conflict and IPV as reported by females. The implications of these findings for understanding coercion in the escalation from conflict to IPV in adolescent romantic relationships are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDevelopment and psychopathology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Coercion
Hispanic Americans
Conflict (Psychology)
Intimate Partner Violence
Jealousy
Heterosexuality
Proportional Hazards Models

Keywords

  • adolescent romantic relationships
  • coercion
  • intimate partner violence
  • multilevel hazard models
  • observational studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

@article{dac67d593213477f86e3f717acae379f,
title = "When conflict escalates into intimate partner violence: The delicate nature of observed coercion in adolescent romantic relationships",
abstract = "We investigated how initial conflicts in adolescent romantic relationships escalate into serious forms of conflict, including intimate partner violence (IPV). We focused on whether adolescents' micro-level interaction patterns, i.e., coercion and positive engagement, mediated between conflict and future IPV. The sample consisted of 91 heterosexual couples, aged 13 to 18 years (M = 16.5, SD = 0.99) from a diverse background (42{\%} Hispanic/Latino, 42{\%} White). Participants completed surveys about conflict at Time 1, and they participated in videotaped conflict and jealousy discussions. At Time 2, participants completed surveys about conflict and IPV, and an average daily conflict score was calculated from ecological momentary assessments. Multilevel hazard models revealed that we did not find support for dyadic coercion as a risk process leading to escalations in conflict. However, a higher likelihood of ending dyadic positive behaviors mediated between earlier levels of conflict and a latent construct of female conflict and IPV. Classic coercive dynamics may not apply to adolescent romantic relationships. Instead, not being able to reinforce levels of positivity during conflict predicted conflict and IPV as reported by females. The implications of these findings for understanding coercion in the escalation from conflict to IPV in adolescent romantic relationships are discussed.",
keywords = "adolescent romantic relationships, coercion, intimate partner violence, multilevel hazard models, observational studies",
author = "Phuong Ha and Hanjoe Kim and Shannon McGill",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1017/S0954579419001007",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Development and Psychopathology",
issn = "0954-5794",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - When conflict escalates into intimate partner violence

T2 - The delicate nature of observed coercion in adolescent romantic relationships

AU - Ha, Phuong

AU - Kim, Hanjoe

AU - McGill, Shannon

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - We investigated how initial conflicts in adolescent romantic relationships escalate into serious forms of conflict, including intimate partner violence (IPV). We focused on whether adolescents' micro-level interaction patterns, i.e., coercion and positive engagement, mediated between conflict and future IPV. The sample consisted of 91 heterosexual couples, aged 13 to 18 years (M = 16.5, SD = 0.99) from a diverse background (42% Hispanic/Latino, 42% White). Participants completed surveys about conflict at Time 1, and they participated in videotaped conflict and jealousy discussions. At Time 2, participants completed surveys about conflict and IPV, and an average daily conflict score was calculated from ecological momentary assessments. Multilevel hazard models revealed that we did not find support for dyadic coercion as a risk process leading to escalations in conflict. However, a higher likelihood of ending dyadic positive behaviors mediated between earlier levels of conflict and a latent construct of female conflict and IPV. Classic coercive dynamics may not apply to adolescent romantic relationships. Instead, not being able to reinforce levels of positivity during conflict predicted conflict and IPV as reported by females. The implications of these findings for understanding coercion in the escalation from conflict to IPV in adolescent romantic relationships are discussed.

AB - We investigated how initial conflicts in adolescent romantic relationships escalate into serious forms of conflict, including intimate partner violence (IPV). We focused on whether adolescents' micro-level interaction patterns, i.e., coercion and positive engagement, mediated between conflict and future IPV. The sample consisted of 91 heterosexual couples, aged 13 to 18 years (M = 16.5, SD = 0.99) from a diverse background (42% Hispanic/Latino, 42% White). Participants completed surveys about conflict at Time 1, and they participated in videotaped conflict and jealousy discussions. At Time 2, participants completed surveys about conflict and IPV, and an average daily conflict score was calculated from ecological momentary assessments. Multilevel hazard models revealed that we did not find support for dyadic coercion as a risk process leading to escalations in conflict. However, a higher likelihood of ending dyadic positive behaviors mediated between earlier levels of conflict and a latent construct of female conflict and IPV. Classic coercive dynamics may not apply to adolescent romantic relationships. Instead, not being able to reinforce levels of positivity during conflict predicted conflict and IPV as reported by females. The implications of these findings for understanding coercion in the escalation from conflict to IPV in adolescent romantic relationships are discussed.

KW - adolescent romantic relationships

KW - coercion

KW - intimate partner violence

KW - multilevel hazard models

KW - observational studies

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070356503&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85070356503&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S0954579419001007

DO - 10.1017/S0954579419001007

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85070356503

JO - Development and Psychopathology

JF - Development and Psychopathology

SN - 0954-5794

ER -