When accuracy-motivated perceivers fail: Limited attentional resources and the reemerging self-fulfilling prophecy

Jeremy C. Biesanz, Steven Neuberg, Dylan M. Smith, Terrilee Asher, T. Nicole Judice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability of accuracy-motivated perceivers to form individuated impressions of targets and to avoid creating self-fulfilling prophecies is hypothesized to depend on sufficient attentional resources. Accuracy-motivated interviewers were led to believe that their applicants were either well suited for the job or not and were given either no task or a mildly or highly distracting task to complete during the interview. Consistent with past research, nondistracted accuracy-motivated interviewers neither created self-fulfilling prophecies nor formed expectation-consistent impressions. In contrast, highly distracted accuracy-motivated interviewers both created self-fulfilling prophecies and formed expectation-consistent impressions. Without sufficient attentional resources, even well-intentioned accuracy-motivated perceivers can fall prey to their inaccurate expectations and create inappropriate self-fulfilling prophecies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-629
Number of pages9
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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