What is volunteer water monitoring good for? Fracking and the plural logics of participatory science

Abby Kinchy, Kirk Jalbert, Jessica Lyons

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper responds to recent calls for deeper scrutiny of the institutional contexts of citizen science. In the last few years, at least two dozen civil society organizations in New York and Pennsylvania have begun monitoring the watershed impacts of unconventional natural gas drilling, also known as "fracking." This study examines the institutional logics that inform these citizen monitoring efforts and probes how relationships with academic science and the regulatory state affect the practices of citizen scientists. We find that the diverse practices of the organizations in the participatory water monitoring field are guided by logics of consciousness- raising, environmental policing, and science. Organizations that initiate monitoring projects typically attempt to combine two or more of these logics as they develop new practices in response to macro-level social and environmental changes. The dominant logic of the field remains unsettled, and many groups appear uncertain about whether and how their practices might have an influence. We conclude that the impacts of macro-level changes, such as the scientization of politics, the rise of neoliberal policy ideas, or even large-scale industrial transformations, are likely to be experienced in field-specific ways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFields of Knowledge
Subtitle of host publicationScience, Politics and Publics in the Neoliberal Age
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Pages259-289
Number of pages31
ISBN (Print)9781783506682
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NamePolitical Power and Social Theory
Volume27
ISSN (Print)0198-8719

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Political Science and International Relations

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    Kinchy, A., Jalbert, K., & Lyons, J. (2014). What is volunteer water monitoring good for? Fracking and the plural logics of participatory science. In Fields of Knowledge: Science, Politics and Publics in the Neoliberal Age (pp. 259-289). (Political Power and Social Theory; Vol. 27). Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0198-871920140000027017