What do motor "recovery" and "compensationg" mean in patients following stroke?

Mindy F. Levin, Jeffrey A. Kleim, Steven L. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

581 Scopus citations


There is a lack of consistency among researchers and clinicians in the use of terminology that describes changes in motor ability following neurological injury. Specifically, the terms and definitions of motor compensation and motor recovery have been used in different ways, which is a potential barrier to interdisciplinary communication. This Point of View describes the problem and offers a solution in the form of definitions of compensation and recovery at the neuronal, motor performance, and functional levels within the framework of the International Classification of Functioning model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-319
Number of pages7
JournalNeurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Compensation
  • Hemiplegia
  • Recovery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Stroke
  • Terminology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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