Weight status as a predictor of being bullied in third through sixth grades

Julie C. Lumeng, Patrick Forrest, Danielle P. Appugliese, Niko Kaciroti, Robert F. Corwyn, Robert Bradley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

132 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity and bullying both are pervasive public health problems. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between childhood obesity and being bullied in third, fifth, and sixth grades while testing for potential confounding and moderation. METHODS: A total of 821 children who were participating in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (50% male, 81% white, 17% obese, 15% overweight in third grade) were studied. Generalized estimating equations were used to evaluate the relationship between child weight status and the odds of being bullied as reported by child, mother, and teacher, accounting for repeated measures and adjusting for grade level in school, child gender, child race, family income-to-needs ratio, school racial and socioeconomic composition, and mother- and teacher-reported child social skills and child academic achievement. RESULTS: In sixth grade, 33.9%, 44.5%, and 24.9% of the children were reported to be bullied per teacher-, mother-, and self-report, respectively. There was a significant independent association between being obese and being bullied (odds ratio: 1.63 [95% confidence interval: 1.18-2.25]). The relationship between being obese and being bullied was attenuated but not eliminated by all covariates except gender. The relationship was not moderated by any of the covariates. CONCLUSIONS: Children who are obese are more likely to be bullied, regardless of a number of potential sociodemographic, social, and academic confounders. No protective factors were identified. Effective interventions to reduce bullying of obese children need to be identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPediatrics
Volume125
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010

Fingerprint

Bullying
Weights and Measures
Pediatric Obesity
Mothers
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.)
Child Care
Self Report
Public Health
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals

Keywords

  • Bullying
  • Childhood obesity
  • Peer victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Lumeng, J. C., Forrest, P., Appugliese, D. P., Kaciroti, N., Corwyn, R. F., & Bradley, R. (2010). Weight status as a predictor of being bullied in third through sixth grades. Pediatrics, 125(6). https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2009-0774

Weight status as a predictor of being bullied in third through sixth grades. / Lumeng, Julie C.; Forrest, Patrick; Appugliese, Danielle P.; Kaciroti, Niko; Corwyn, Robert F.; Bradley, Robert.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 125, No. 6, 06.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lumeng, JC, Forrest, P, Appugliese, DP, Kaciroti, N, Corwyn, RF & Bradley, R 2010, 'Weight status as a predictor of being bullied in third through sixth grades', Pediatrics, vol. 125, no. 6. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2009-0774
Lumeng, Julie C. ; Forrest, Patrick ; Appugliese, Danielle P. ; Kaciroti, Niko ; Corwyn, Robert F. ; Bradley, Robert. / Weight status as a predictor of being bullied in third through sixth grades. In: Pediatrics. 2010 ; Vol. 125, No. 6.
@article{df97bea6b8e5459486c727bb639a8014,
title = "Weight status as a predictor of being bullied in third through sixth grades",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity and bullying both are pervasive public health problems. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between childhood obesity and being bullied in third, fifth, and sixth grades while testing for potential confounding and moderation. METHODS: A total of 821 children who were participating in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (50{\%} male, 81{\%} white, 17{\%} obese, 15{\%} overweight in third grade) were studied. Generalized estimating equations were used to evaluate the relationship between child weight status and the odds of being bullied as reported by child, mother, and teacher, accounting for repeated measures and adjusting for grade level in school, child gender, child race, family income-to-needs ratio, school racial and socioeconomic composition, and mother- and teacher-reported child social skills and child academic achievement. RESULTS: In sixth grade, 33.9{\%}, 44.5{\%}, and 24.9{\%} of the children were reported to be bullied per teacher-, mother-, and self-report, respectively. There was a significant independent association between being obese and being bullied (odds ratio: 1.63 [95{\%} confidence interval: 1.18-2.25]). The relationship between being obese and being bullied was attenuated but not eliminated by all covariates except gender. The relationship was not moderated by any of the covariates. CONCLUSIONS: Children who are obese are more likely to be bullied, regardless of a number of potential sociodemographic, social, and academic confounders. No protective factors were identified. Effective interventions to reduce bullying of obese children need to be identified.",
keywords = "Bullying, Childhood obesity, Peer victimization",
author = "Lumeng, {Julie C.} and Patrick Forrest and Appugliese, {Danielle P.} and Niko Kaciroti and Corwyn, {Robert F.} and Robert Bradley",
year = "2010",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1542/peds.2009-0774",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "125",
journal = "Pediatrics",
issn = "0031-4005",
publisher = "American Academy of Pediatrics",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Weight status as a predictor of being bullied in third through sixth grades

AU - Lumeng, Julie C.

AU - Forrest, Patrick

AU - Appugliese, Danielle P.

AU - Kaciroti, Niko

AU - Corwyn, Robert F.

AU - Bradley, Robert

PY - 2010/6

Y1 - 2010/6

N2 - OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity and bullying both are pervasive public health problems. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between childhood obesity and being bullied in third, fifth, and sixth grades while testing for potential confounding and moderation. METHODS: A total of 821 children who were participating in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (50% male, 81% white, 17% obese, 15% overweight in third grade) were studied. Generalized estimating equations were used to evaluate the relationship between child weight status and the odds of being bullied as reported by child, mother, and teacher, accounting for repeated measures and adjusting for grade level in school, child gender, child race, family income-to-needs ratio, school racial and socioeconomic composition, and mother- and teacher-reported child social skills and child academic achievement. RESULTS: In sixth grade, 33.9%, 44.5%, and 24.9% of the children were reported to be bullied per teacher-, mother-, and self-report, respectively. There was a significant independent association between being obese and being bullied (odds ratio: 1.63 [95% confidence interval: 1.18-2.25]). The relationship between being obese and being bullied was attenuated but not eliminated by all covariates except gender. The relationship was not moderated by any of the covariates. CONCLUSIONS: Children who are obese are more likely to be bullied, regardless of a number of potential sociodemographic, social, and academic confounders. No protective factors were identified. Effective interventions to reduce bullying of obese children need to be identified.

AB - OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity and bullying both are pervasive public health problems. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between childhood obesity and being bullied in third, fifth, and sixth grades while testing for potential confounding and moderation. METHODS: A total of 821 children who were participating in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (50% male, 81% white, 17% obese, 15% overweight in third grade) were studied. Generalized estimating equations were used to evaluate the relationship between child weight status and the odds of being bullied as reported by child, mother, and teacher, accounting for repeated measures and adjusting for grade level in school, child gender, child race, family income-to-needs ratio, school racial and socioeconomic composition, and mother- and teacher-reported child social skills and child academic achievement. RESULTS: In sixth grade, 33.9%, 44.5%, and 24.9% of the children were reported to be bullied per teacher-, mother-, and self-report, respectively. There was a significant independent association between being obese and being bullied (odds ratio: 1.63 [95% confidence interval: 1.18-2.25]). The relationship between being obese and being bullied was attenuated but not eliminated by all covariates except gender. The relationship was not moderated by any of the covariates. CONCLUSIONS: Children who are obese are more likely to be bullied, regardless of a number of potential sociodemographic, social, and academic confounders. No protective factors were identified. Effective interventions to reduce bullying of obese children need to be identified.

KW - Bullying

KW - Childhood obesity

KW - Peer victimization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77953034753&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77953034753&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1542/peds.2009-0774

DO - 10.1542/peds.2009-0774

M3 - Article

VL - 125

JO - Pediatrics

JF - Pediatrics

SN - 0031-4005

IS - 6

ER -