Weight-related stigma is a significant psychosocial stressor in developing countries: Evidence from Guatemala

Joseph Hackman, Jonathan Maupin, Alexandra Slade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Weight-related stigma is established as a major psychosocial stressor and correlate of depression among people living with obesity in high-income countries. Anti-fat beliefs are rapidly globalizing. The goal of the study is to (1) examine how weight-related stigma, enacted as teasing, is evident among women from a lower-income country and (2) test if such weight-related stigma contributes to depressive symptoms. Modeling data for 12,074 reproductive-age women collected in the 2008-2009 Guatemala National Maternal-Infant Health Survey, we demonstrate that weight-related teasing is (1) experienced by those both underweight and overweight, and (2) a significant psychosocial stressor. Effects are comparable to other factors known to influence women's depressive risk in lower-income countries, such as living in poverty, experiencing food insecurity, or suffering sexual/domestic violence. That women's failure to meet local body norms-whether they are overweight or underweight-serves as such a strong source of psychological distress is particularly concerning in settings like Guatemala where high levels of over- and under-nutrition intersect at the household and community level. Current obesity-centric models of weight-related stigma, developed from studies in high-income countries, fail to recognize that being underweight may create similar forms of psychosocial distress in low-income countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-60
Number of pages6
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume161
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Guatemala
  • Obesity
  • Psychological stress
  • Stigma
  • Weight-stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

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