Weak analogy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter focuses on one of the common fallacies in Western philosophy called ' weak analogy’. As Patrick Hurley writes, the weak analogy fallacy “occurs when the conditions of an argument depend on an analogy (or similarity) that is not strong enough to support the conclusion”. Often, vegetarians and vegans will hear the following argument from analogy in defense of carnivorism: “Animals eat each other in nature, so it’s permissible for us to eat them as well”. By focusing on the similarities between animals and humans, and by arguing that these similarities are indeed relevant to the issue at hand, philosopher Peter Singer presents a strong argument from analogy in favor of the conclusion that animals are indeed sentient beings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBad Arguments
Subtitle of host publication50 Common Fallacies and How to Avoid Them
PublisherWiley
Pages234-237
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781119165811
ISBN (Print)9781119165781
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Moral philosopher
  • Sentient beings
  • Teleological argument
  • Weak analogy
  • Western philosophy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

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  • Cite this

    Manninen, B. A. (2017). Weak analogy. In Bad Arguments: 50 Common Fallacies and How to Avoid Them (pp. 234-237). Wiley. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119165811.ch50