"We" overeat, but "i" can stay thin

Pronoun use and body weight in couples who eat to regulate emotion

Jane A. Skoyen, Ashley Randall, Matthias R. Mehl, Emily A. Butler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The rates of overweight and obesity in the U.S. suggest that most people have difficulty maintaining a healthy diet. Both individual factors (e.g., emotions, preferences) and social forces (e.g., partner influence) play a role in shaping eating habits, and individual factors might be differentially associated with eating depending on social conditions. The present study focuses on eating to regulate emotion (ERE) and the language used by romantic partners when discussing their health habits as interactive predictors of their body mass indices (BMI). Forty-three committed couples reported on the use of ERE and discussed their health habits with their partners during a laboratory visit. We tested whether ERE was associated with BMI under specific relationship conditions. As predicted, higher ERE was associated with higher BMI, especially for women who used more we-talk, a marker of relational cohesion, in couples with both partners having high ERE. However, women who used high I-talk in such couples had lower BMI. These findings suggest that for women sharing high ERE with their partner, using we-talk when discussing health habits might exacerbate the impact of this habit on BMI, whereas I-talk, a marker of relational autonomy, may serve a protective function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)743-766
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Social and Clinical Psychology
Volume33
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Emotions
Eating
Body Weight
Body Mass Index
Habits
Health
Social Conditions
Feeding Behavior
Language
Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

"We" overeat, but "i" can stay thin : Pronoun use and body weight in couples who eat to regulate emotion. / Skoyen, Jane A.; Randall, Ashley; Mehl, Matthias R.; Butler, Emily A.

In: Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 33, No. 8, 2014, p. 743-766.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{601bae99667c4a01aca07e0a69e1a24f,
title = "{"}We{"} overeat, but {"}i{"} can stay thin: Pronoun use and body weight in couples who eat to regulate emotion",
abstract = "The rates of overweight and obesity in the U.S. suggest that most people have difficulty maintaining a healthy diet. Both individual factors (e.g., emotions, preferences) and social forces (e.g., partner influence) play a role in shaping eating habits, and individual factors might be differentially associated with eating depending on social conditions. The present study focuses on eating to regulate emotion (ERE) and the language used by romantic partners when discussing their health habits as interactive predictors of their body mass indices (BMI). Forty-three committed couples reported on the use of ERE and discussed their health habits with their partners during a laboratory visit. We tested whether ERE was associated with BMI under specific relationship conditions. As predicted, higher ERE was associated with higher BMI, especially for women who used more we-talk, a marker of relational cohesion, in couples with both partners having high ERE. However, women who used high I-talk in such couples had lower BMI. These findings suggest that for women sharing high ERE with their partner, using we-talk when discussing health habits might exacerbate the impact of this habit on BMI, whereas I-talk, a marker of relational autonomy, may serve a protective function.",
author = "Skoyen, {Jane A.} and Ashley Randall and Mehl, {Matthias R.} and Butler, {Emily A.}",
year = "2014",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "33",
pages = "743--766",
journal = "Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology",
issn = "0736-7236",
publisher = "Guilford Publications",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - "We" overeat, but "i" can stay thin

T2 - Pronoun use and body weight in couples who eat to regulate emotion

AU - Skoyen, Jane A.

AU - Randall, Ashley

AU - Mehl, Matthias R.

AU - Butler, Emily A.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The rates of overweight and obesity in the U.S. suggest that most people have difficulty maintaining a healthy diet. Both individual factors (e.g., emotions, preferences) and social forces (e.g., partner influence) play a role in shaping eating habits, and individual factors might be differentially associated with eating depending on social conditions. The present study focuses on eating to regulate emotion (ERE) and the language used by romantic partners when discussing their health habits as interactive predictors of their body mass indices (BMI). Forty-three committed couples reported on the use of ERE and discussed their health habits with their partners during a laboratory visit. We tested whether ERE was associated with BMI under specific relationship conditions. As predicted, higher ERE was associated with higher BMI, especially for women who used more we-talk, a marker of relational cohesion, in couples with both partners having high ERE. However, women who used high I-talk in such couples had lower BMI. These findings suggest that for women sharing high ERE with their partner, using we-talk when discussing health habits might exacerbate the impact of this habit on BMI, whereas I-talk, a marker of relational autonomy, may serve a protective function.

AB - The rates of overweight and obesity in the U.S. suggest that most people have difficulty maintaining a healthy diet. Both individual factors (e.g., emotions, preferences) and social forces (e.g., partner influence) play a role in shaping eating habits, and individual factors might be differentially associated with eating depending on social conditions. The present study focuses on eating to regulate emotion (ERE) and the language used by romantic partners when discussing their health habits as interactive predictors of their body mass indices (BMI). Forty-three committed couples reported on the use of ERE and discussed their health habits with their partners during a laboratory visit. We tested whether ERE was associated with BMI under specific relationship conditions. As predicted, higher ERE was associated with higher BMI, especially for women who used more we-talk, a marker of relational cohesion, in couples with both partners having high ERE. However, women who used high I-talk in such couples had lower BMI. These findings suggest that for women sharing high ERE with their partner, using we-talk when discussing health habits might exacerbate the impact of this habit on BMI, whereas I-talk, a marker of relational autonomy, may serve a protective function.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84908417533&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84908417533&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 743

EP - 766

JO - Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology

JF - Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology

SN - 0736-7236

IS - 8

ER -