Cold gas experiments can be tuned to achieve strongly-interacting regimes such as that of low-density neutron matter found in neutron-stars' crusts. We report T=0 diffusion Monte Carlo results (i) for the ground state of both spin-1/2 fermions with short-range interactions and low-density neutron matter in a cylindrical container, and (ii) properties of these systems with a vortex line excitation. We calculate the equation of state for cold atoms and low-density neutron matter in the bulk systems, and we contrast it to our results in the cylindrical container. We compute the vortex line excitation energy for different interaction strengths, and we find agreement between cold gases and neutron matter for very low densities. We also calculate density profiles, which allow us to determine the density depletion at the vortex core, which depends strongly on the short-ranged interaction in cold atomic gases, but it is of ≈25% for neutron matter in the density regimes studied in this work. Our results can be used to constrain neutron matter properties by using measurements from cold Fermi gases experiments.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics