Volumes of Activation for the Cycloaddition Reactions of Phenylhalocarbenes to Alkenes

Nicholas J. Turro, Masami Okamoto, Ian R. Gould, Robert A. Moss, Witold Ławrynowicz, Linda M. Hadel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

The absolute rate constants for the cycloaddition reactions of three arylhalocarbenes to two alkenes have been measured as a function of pressure in the range 0.1 to 203 MPa. In all cases the observed rate constants were found to increase with increasing pressure. The magnitude of the derived activation volumes falls in the range of-10 to -18 cm3/mol and does not depend on solvent. The results rule out a late, two-bond transition state and a bipolar single-bond transition state but are consistent with the reversible formation of a carbene-alkene complex or an early one- or two-bond transition state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4973-4976
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume109
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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