VizCom: A novel workflow model for ICU clinical decision-support

Anthony Faiola, David Chartash, Preethi Srinivas, Bradley Doebbeling, Yamini Karanam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) has the highest annual mortality rate (4.4M) of any hospital unit or 25% of all clinical admissions. Studies show a relationship between clinician cognitive load and workflow, and their impact on patient safety and the subsequent occurrence of medical mishaps due to diagnostic error - in spite of advances in health information technology, e.g., bedside and clinical decision support (CDS) systems. The aim of our research is to: 1) investigate the root causes (underlying mechanisms) of ICU error related to the effects of clinical workflow: medical cognition, team communication/collaboration, and the use of diagnostic/CDS systems and 2) construct and validate a novel workflow model that supports improved clinical workflow, with goals to decrease adverse events, increase safety, and reduce intensivist time, effort, and cognitive resources. Lastly, our long-term objective is to apply data from aims one and two to design the next generation of diagnostic visualization-communication (VizCom) system that improves intensive care workflow, communication, and effectiveness in healthcare.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCHI EA 2014
Subtitle of host publicationOne of a ChiNd - Extended Abstracts, 32nd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages1705-1710
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781450324748
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event32nd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI EA 2014 - Toronto, ON, Canada
Duration: Apr 26 2014May 1 2014

Publication series

NameConference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings

Other

Other32nd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI EA 2014
CountryCanada
CityToronto, ON
Period4/26/145/1/14

Keywords

  • Activity
  • Cognition
  • Critical decision-support
  • Healthcare
  • Human error
  • Interface design
  • Visualization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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