Here we report the first synthesis of a forsterite (Mg2SiO4) composition glass as an essentially phase-pure bulk material. Under containerless conditions, with heterogeneous nucleation sites minimized, glass forms by cooling ca. 1 mm liquid Mg2SiO4 droplets in oxygen at 700 K/s. 29Si NMR spectroscopic data indicate that the SiO4 tetrahedra and MgO6 octahedra exist in a corner sharing arrangement in the glass, but upon crystallization the polyhedral units reorganize to form edge-sharing linkages. Transposed temperature drop calorimetry shows that the glass is 61.4 ± 1.3 kJ/mol higher in enthalpy than the crystal.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)