Abstract

Vitamin C is a potent reducing agent/antioxidant in animal species and land plants. Humans rely on vitamin C for the activity of enzymes involved in collagen, carnitine, and norepinephrine synthesis, and vitamin C status may impact physiological health, including risk for infections, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. The recommended daily intake for vitamin C is 90 mg/day for adult men and 75 mg/day for adult women, and the tolerable upper limit is 2000 mg/day. Supplemental vitamin C should not replace high intakes of fruits and vegetables, but may offer health benefits under certain circumstances for some individuals. Low intakes of fresh fruits and vegetables, either by choice or due to scarcity, increase the risk for scurvy, a concern for isolated populations, refugees, cancer patients, the critically ill, and the elderly. Smokers, individuals with diabetes, and adult men living alone are also at risk for suboptimal vitamin C status; in developed countries, current vitamin C deficiency rates range from 8% to 19%. Individuals with a history of renal stone formation or conditions associated with iron overload should use caution when supplementing vitamin C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPresent Knowledge in Nutrition
Subtitle of host publicationTenth Edition
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages248-260
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9780470959176
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 18 2012

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • CDNA, vitamin C and gene expression effect on human skin fibroblast
  • Diet-gene interaction, and vitamin C intake and disease risk association
  • Gene and genetic variations, in circulating ascorbic acid concentrations
  • Mixed function oxidase cofactor, vitamin C in collagen, carnitine synthesis
  • Supplemental vitamin C and sepsis neutrophil activation, and Chediak-Higashi syndrome
  • Vitamin C status, impact on physiological health, risk of infection
  • Vitamin C, a redox-active, L-ascorbic acid, AFR, and DHA
  • Vitamin C, cofactor roles in transcription, enzymatic regulating osteoblast
  • Vitamin C, potent reducing agents/antioxidants in animal/land plants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Johnston, C. (2012). Vitamin C. In Present Knowledge in Nutrition: Tenth Edition (pp. 248-260). Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119946045.ch16