Visual attending preferences in children with autism spectrum disorders: A comparison between live and video presentation modes

Teresa Cardon, Tamiko Azuma

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    16 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Visual attending patterns of children with ASD differ from those of typically developing (TD) children. Children with ASD spend less time visually attending to relevant people and stimuli than do TD children. Impaired visual attending patterns can greatly decrease the effectiveness of therapy. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of presentation modality on the visual attending profiles of children with ASD and typically developing (TD) peers. In the study, the children watched puppet shows presented in two presentation modes: live (in person) and video. The amount of time that the children visually attended to the puppet shows was measured. Overall, typically developing children visually attended significantly longer to the shows than the children with ASD. Both children with ASD and TD children attended longer to the video presentations than to the live presentations. All of the children with ASD showed a visual preference for the video presentation relative to the live presentation. The results show that visual attending of children with ASD can be influenced by presentation mode. Establishing the variables that increase visual attending may improve the effectiveness of intervention techniques developed for individuals with ASD.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1061-1067
    Number of pages7
    JournalResearch in Autism Spectrum Disorders
    Volume6
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 2012

    Fingerprint

    Autism Spectrum Disorder
    Angelman Syndrome
    Play and Playthings
    Therapeutics

    Keywords

    • Attention
    • Autism
    • Video modeling
    • Visual attending

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychiatry and Mental health
    • Clinical Psychology
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology

    Cite this

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    title = "Visual attending preferences in children with autism spectrum disorders: A comparison between live and video presentation modes",
    abstract = "Visual attending patterns of children with ASD differ from those of typically developing (TD) children. Children with ASD spend less time visually attending to relevant people and stimuli than do TD children. Impaired visual attending patterns can greatly decrease the effectiveness of therapy. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of presentation modality on the visual attending profiles of children with ASD and typically developing (TD) peers. In the study, the children watched puppet shows presented in two presentation modes: live (in person) and video. The amount of time that the children visually attended to the puppet shows was measured. Overall, typically developing children visually attended significantly longer to the shows than the children with ASD. Both children with ASD and TD children attended longer to the video presentations than to the live presentations. All of the children with ASD showed a visual preference for the video presentation relative to the live presentation. The results show that visual attending of children with ASD can be influenced by presentation mode. Establishing the variables that increase visual attending may improve the effectiveness of intervention techniques developed for individuals with ASD.",
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