Viscous fingering of miscible liquids in porous and swellable media for rapid diagnostic tests

Holly Clingan, Devon Rusk, Kathryn Smith, Antonio A. Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In lateral flow and colorimetric test strip diagnostics, the effects of capillary action and diffusion on speed and sensitivity have been well studied. However, another form of fluid motion can be generated due to stresses and instabilities generated in pores when two miscible liquids with different densities and viscosities come into contact. This study explored how a swellable test pad can be deployed for measuring urea in saliva by partially prefilling the pad with a miscible solution of greater viscosity and density. The resultant Korteweg stresses and viscous fingering patterns were analyzed using solutions with added food color through video analysis and image processing. Image analysis was simplified using the saturation channel after converting RGB image sequences to HSB. The kinetics of liquid mixing agreed with capillary displacement results for miscible liquids undergoing movement from Korteweg stresses. After capillary filling, there was significant movement of liquid due to these fluidic effects, which led to mixing of the saliva sample with an enzyme test solution. Owing to the simplicity and speed of this test method, urea can be analyzed with an electronic nose over a useful range for detecting salivary urea concentration for rapid and early detection of dehydration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number94
JournalBioengineering
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Ammonia
  • Brightness (HSB)
  • Diagnostic test strip
  • Electronic nose
  • Glycerol
  • Hue
  • Korteweg stresses
  • Saliva
  • Salivary urea nitrogen
  • Saturation
  • Urease
  • Viscous fingering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering

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