Virus-like particles production in green plants

Luca Santi, Zhong Huang, Hugh Mason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Viruses-like particles (VLPs), assembled from capsid structural subunits of several different viruses, have found a number of biomedical applications such as vaccines and novel delivery systems for nucleic acids and small molecules. Production of recombinant proteins in different plant systems has been intensely investigated and improved upon in the last two decades. Plant-derived antibodies, vaccines, and microbicides have received great attention and shown immense promise. In the case of mucosal vaccines, orally delivered plant-produced VLPs require minimal processing of the plant tissue, thus offering an inexpensive and safe alternative to more conventional live attenuated and killed virus vaccines. For other applications which require higher level of purification, recent progress in expression levels using plant viral vectors have shown that plants can compete with traditional fermentation systems. In this review, the different methods used in the production of VLPs in green plants are described. Specific examples of expression, assembly, and immunogenicity of several plant-derived VLPs are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-76
Number of pages11
JournalMethods
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2006

Keywords

  • Plant viral systems
  • Transgenic plants
  • VLP
  • Vaccines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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