Violent Victimization Vulnerability: Testing a Conceptual Model of Personality, Social, and Community Factors

Kathleen Talbot, Leana A. Bouffard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study extends theories of crime to explain victimization by examining the direct effects of personality factors (low self-control), social factors (social bonds), and community factors (collective efficacy) on violent victimization. Next, we examine the effects of these theories indirectly through risky lifestyles to impact violent victimization. The proposed conceptual model is tested among a large national sample of youth (ages 12–16) from three waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health data (Add Health). Self-control, social bonds, and collective efficacy impact violent victimization indirectly through their effects on risky lifestyles, including unstructured peer socialization, peer marijuana use, respondents’ own marijuana use, and violence. The proposed conceptual model was generally supported and future directions for research to test and enhance this conceptual model are considered

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)910-934
Number of pages25
JournalDeviant Behavior
Volume36
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law

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