Violence among urban African American youths: An analysis of environmental and behavioral risk factors

James Herbert Williams, Arlene Rubin Stiffman, John Leslie O'Neal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated environmental and behavioral risk factors as predictors of involvement in violent behavior among African American youths. Data from 684 African American youths ages 14 to 17, who participated in interviews by the Youth Services Project in St. Louis, Missouri, were used in these analyses. Forty percent of the variance in African American youths' involvement in violent behavior was predicted by the environmental risk factors of exposure to violence, deteriorated school environment, negative peer environment, and traumatic experiences and by the behavioral risk factors of alcohol use and substance use. Gender differences in risk factors were also explored. The results suggest that preventive interventions should have an ecological approach, including a community and individual focus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-13
Number of pages11
JournalSocial work research
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • African Americans
  • Gender
  • Substance use
  • Victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

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