Ventilatory frequency and haemolymph acid-base status during short-term hypercapnia in the locust, Schistocerca nitens

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Abstract

In this study, I investigated the role of the locust ventilatory system in haemolymph acid-base regulation during short-term (50 min) exposure to elevated environmental carbon dioxide. In American locusts, Schistocerca nitens, abdominal pumping frequency increased linearly with inspired PCO2 (P1CO2) to a P1CO2 of 107 mmHg (1 mmHg = 133.3 Pascals). Ventilatory frequency was strongly correlated with haemolymph acid-base variables, consistent with the hypothesis that changes in ventilatory frequency were caused by changes in haemolymph pH or PCO2 . As inspired PCO2 increased, the partial pressure gradient for carbon dioxide from haemolymph to air decreased, reducing the changes in haemolymph pH. Slopes of in vivo and in vitro buffer lines were statistically indistinguishable, suggesting that changes in haemolymph pH in vivo were due primarily to changes in haemolymph PCO2 . The results of this study indicate that the locust ventilatory system plays the dominant role in limitation of changes in haemolymph pH during short-term hypercapnia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)809-814
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Insect Physiology
Volume35
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Schistocerca nitens
hypercapnia
Grasshoppers
Hemolymph
Hypercapnia
locusts
hemolymph
Acids
acids
Carbon Dioxide
carbon dioxide
Partial Pressure
Buffers
buffers
Air

Keywords

  • acid-base regulation
  • hypercapnia
  • Schistocerca
  • ventilatory control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Ventilatory frequency and haemolymph acid-base status during short-term hypercapnia in the locust, Schistocerca nitens",
abstract = "In this study, I investigated the role of the locust ventilatory system in haemolymph acid-base regulation during short-term (50 min) exposure to elevated environmental carbon dioxide. In American locusts, Schistocerca nitens, abdominal pumping frequency increased linearly with inspired PCO2 (P1CO2) to a P1CO2 of 107 mmHg (1 mmHg = 133.3 Pascals). Ventilatory frequency was strongly correlated with haemolymph acid-base variables, consistent with the hypothesis that changes in ventilatory frequency were caused by changes in haemolymph pH or PCO2 . As inspired PCO2 increased, the partial pressure gradient for carbon dioxide from haemolymph to air decreased, reducing the changes in haemolymph pH. Slopes of in vivo and in vitro buffer lines were statistically indistinguishable, suggesting that changes in haemolymph pH in vivo were due primarily to changes in haemolymph PCO2 . The results of this study indicate that the locust ventilatory system plays the dominant role in limitation of changes in haemolymph pH during short-term hypercapnia.",
keywords = "acid-base regulation, hypercapnia, Schistocerca, ventilatory control",
author = "Jon Harrison",
year = "1989",
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journal = "Journal of Insect Physiology",
issn = "0022-1910",
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T1 - Ventilatory frequency and haemolymph acid-base status during short-term hypercapnia in the locust, Schistocerca nitens

AU - Harrison, Jon

PY - 1989

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N2 - In this study, I investigated the role of the locust ventilatory system in haemolymph acid-base regulation during short-term (50 min) exposure to elevated environmental carbon dioxide. In American locusts, Schistocerca nitens, abdominal pumping frequency increased linearly with inspired PCO2 (P1CO2) to a P1CO2 of 107 mmHg (1 mmHg = 133.3 Pascals). Ventilatory frequency was strongly correlated with haemolymph acid-base variables, consistent with the hypothesis that changes in ventilatory frequency were caused by changes in haemolymph pH or PCO2 . As inspired PCO2 increased, the partial pressure gradient for carbon dioxide from haemolymph to air decreased, reducing the changes in haemolymph pH. Slopes of in vivo and in vitro buffer lines were statistically indistinguishable, suggesting that changes in haemolymph pH in vivo were due primarily to changes in haemolymph PCO2 . The results of this study indicate that the locust ventilatory system plays the dominant role in limitation of changes in haemolymph pH during short-term hypercapnia.

AB - In this study, I investigated the role of the locust ventilatory system in haemolymph acid-base regulation during short-term (50 min) exposure to elevated environmental carbon dioxide. In American locusts, Schistocerca nitens, abdominal pumping frequency increased linearly with inspired PCO2 (P1CO2) to a P1CO2 of 107 mmHg (1 mmHg = 133.3 Pascals). Ventilatory frequency was strongly correlated with haemolymph acid-base variables, consistent with the hypothesis that changes in ventilatory frequency were caused by changes in haemolymph pH or PCO2 . As inspired PCO2 increased, the partial pressure gradient for carbon dioxide from haemolymph to air decreased, reducing the changes in haemolymph pH. Slopes of in vivo and in vitro buffer lines were statistically indistinguishable, suggesting that changes in haemolymph pH in vivo were due primarily to changes in haemolymph PCO2 . The results of this study indicate that the locust ventilatory system plays the dominant role in limitation of changes in haemolymph pH during short-term hypercapnia.

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