VECTORIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT ACROSS LIPID VESICLE MEMBRANES DRIVE BY TWO PHOTOREACTIONS. II. PHOTOCHEMICAL REGENERATION OF REDUCED CYTOCHROME c BY FLAVIN TRIPLET STATE AND ETHYLENEDIAMINETETRAACETIC ACID IN THE INNER COMPARTMENT AND REDUCTION OF FERREDOXIN BY CHLOROPHYLL TRIPLET STATE IN THE OUTER COMPARTMENT

Zhan-Gong Zhao, Gordon Tollin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We have attempted to mimic natural photosynthesis with regard to the photogeneration of a powerful reductant, using a negatively charged lipid bilayer vesicle system incorporating two photoreactions sensitized by a flavin analog (flavin mononucleotide [FMN]) and chlorophyll (chl) in their respective triplet states. Ethylenediamine‐tetraacetic acid (EDTA) in the inner aqueous compartment was used as a sacrificial electron donor to the FMN triplet, and ferredoxin in the outer aqueous compartment served as the final electron acceptor (mediated via triplet electron transfer chain in this multicomponent system to be elucidated. By itself, EDTA does not function as an effective donor to membran‐bound oxidized chl (chl+.), which is formed by electron transfer from triplet chl to the viologen follwed by transbilayer electron migration. This is a consequence of electrostatic repulsive interactions with the negatively charged membrane. This limitation is avoided when FMN is used as a photomediator between EDTA and chl+.. The overall reaction is dramatically increased in rate by enclosing cytochrom c together with EDTA and FMN in the inner compartment. The rate constant of the key step in the reaction, i.e. elctron transfer from reduced cytochrome c, generated via photoreduction by the FMN/EDTA system, to chl+. is increased 20‐fold over that obtained with cytochrome c alone as the elctron donor. One of the important constraints that limited the net electron transfer across the bilayer to 50% of the added cytochrome, i.e. inhibition by oxidized cytochrome c formed in the inner compartment, is avoided by the inclusion of the second photoreaction in this system, thus allowing photoreduction of all of the added ferredoxin to be achieved. This system provides a model for a photochemical energy storage process that utilizes two photorections operating in series resulting in electron flow across a lipid bilayer membrane.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-343
Number of pages6
JournalPhotochemistry and Photobiology
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

Fingerprint

Ferredoxins
ethylenediaminetetraacetic acids
cytochromes
chlorophylls
compartments
Chlorophyll
Membrane Lipids
Electron Transport
Cytochromes c
regeneration
Edetic Acid
Flavin Mononucleotide
atomic energy levels
lipids
Regeneration
Electrons
membranes
acids
electron transfer
electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "VECTORIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT ACROSS LIPID VESICLE MEMBRANES DRIVE BY TWO PHOTOREACTIONS. II. PHOTOCHEMICAL REGENERATION OF REDUCED CYTOCHROME c BY FLAVIN TRIPLET STATE AND ETHYLENEDIAMINETETRAACETIC ACID IN THE INNER COMPARTMENT AND REDUCTION OF FERREDOXIN BY CHLOROPHYLL TRIPLET STATE IN THE OUTER COMPARTMENT",
abstract = "We have attempted to mimic natural photosynthesis with regard to the photogeneration of a powerful reductant, using a negatively charged lipid bilayer vesicle system incorporating two photoreactions sensitized by a flavin analog (flavin mononucleotide [FMN]) and chlorophyll (chl) in their respective triplet states. Ethylenediamine‐tetraacetic acid (EDTA) in the inner aqueous compartment was used as a sacrificial electron donor to the FMN triplet, and ferredoxin in the outer aqueous compartment served as the final electron acceptor (mediated via triplet electron transfer chain in this multicomponent system to be elucidated. By itself, EDTA does not function as an effective donor to membran‐bound oxidized chl (chl+.), which is formed by electron transfer from triplet chl to the viologen follwed by transbilayer electron migration. This is a consequence of electrostatic repulsive interactions with the negatively charged membrane. This limitation is avoided when FMN is used as a photomediator between EDTA and chl+.. The overall reaction is dramatically increased in rate by enclosing cytochrom c together with EDTA and FMN in the inner compartment. The rate constant of the key step in the reaction, i.e. elctron transfer from reduced cytochrome c, generated via photoreduction by the FMN/EDTA system, to chl+. is increased 20‐fold over that obtained with cytochrome c alone as the elctron donor. One of the important constraints that limited the net electron transfer across the bilayer to 50{\%} of the added cytochrome, i.e. inhibition by oxidized cytochrome c formed in the inner compartment, is avoided by the inclusion of the second photoreaction in this system, thus allowing photoreduction of all of the added ferredoxin to be achieved. This system provides a model for a photochemical energy storage process that utilizes two photorections operating in series resulting in electron flow across a lipid bilayer membrane.",
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