Variation in cognitive failures: An individual differences investigation of everyday attention and memory failures

Nash Unsworth, Gene Brewer, Gregory J. Spillers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examined individual differences in everyday cognitive failures assessed by diaries. A large sample of participants completed various cognitive ability measures in the laboratory. Furthermore, a subset of these participants also recorded everyday cognitive failures (attention, retrospective memory, and prospective memory failures) in a diary over the course of a week. Using latent variable techniques the results suggested that individual differences in cognitive abilities (i.e., working memory, attention control, retrospective memory, and prospective memory) were related to individual differences in everyday cognitive failures. Furthermore, everyday cognitive failures predicted SAT scores and partially accounted for the relation between cognitive abilities and SAT scores. These results provide important evidence for individual differences in everyday cognitive failures as well as important evidence for the ecological validity of laboratory cognitive ability measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Memory and Language
Volume67
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Fingerprint

Aptitude
Individuality
cognitive ability
Data storage equipment
Episodic Memory
Short-Term Memory
evidence
Individual Differences
Cognitive Ability

Keywords

  • Cognitive failure
  • Individual difference
  • Intelligence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

Variation in cognitive failures : An individual differences investigation of everyday attention and memory failures. / Unsworth, Nash; Brewer, Gene; Spillers, Gregory J.

In: Journal of Memory and Language, Vol. 67, No. 1, 07.2012, p. 1-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e483cd88dbfa43f8a2d61c8199b98b49,
title = "Variation in cognitive failures: An individual differences investigation of everyday attention and memory failures",
abstract = "The present study examined individual differences in everyday cognitive failures assessed by diaries. A large sample of participants completed various cognitive ability measures in the laboratory. Furthermore, a subset of these participants also recorded everyday cognitive failures (attention, retrospective memory, and prospective memory failures) in a diary over the course of a week. Using latent variable techniques the results suggested that individual differences in cognitive abilities (i.e., working memory, attention control, retrospective memory, and prospective memory) were related to individual differences in everyday cognitive failures. Furthermore, everyday cognitive failures predicted SAT scores and partially accounted for the relation between cognitive abilities and SAT scores. These results provide important evidence for individual differences in everyday cognitive failures as well as important evidence for the ecological validity of laboratory cognitive ability measures.",
keywords = "Cognitive failure, Individual difference, Intelligence",
author = "Nash Unsworth and Gene Brewer and Spillers, {Gregory J.}",
year = "2012",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.jml.2011.12.005",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "67",
pages = "1--16",
journal = "Revista Espanola de Cirugia Ortopedica y Traumatologia",
issn = "1888-4415",
publisher = "Ediciones Doyma, S.L.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Variation in cognitive failures

T2 - An individual differences investigation of everyday attention and memory failures

AU - Unsworth, Nash

AU - Brewer, Gene

AU - Spillers, Gregory J.

PY - 2012/7

Y1 - 2012/7

N2 - The present study examined individual differences in everyday cognitive failures assessed by diaries. A large sample of participants completed various cognitive ability measures in the laboratory. Furthermore, a subset of these participants also recorded everyday cognitive failures (attention, retrospective memory, and prospective memory failures) in a diary over the course of a week. Using latent variable techniques the results suggested that individual differences in cognitive abilities (i.e., working memory, attention control, retrospective memory, and prospective memory) were related to individual differences in everyday cognitive failures. Furthermore, everyday cognitive failures predicted SAT scores and partially accounted for the relation between cognitive abilities and SAT scores. These results provide important evidence for individual differences in everyday cognitive failures as well as important evidence for the ecological validity of laboratory cognitive ability measures.

AB - The present study examined individual differences in everyday cognitive failures assessed by diaries. A large sample of participants completed various cognitive ability measures in the laboratory. Furthermore, a subset of these participants also recorded everyday cognitive failures (attention, retrospective memory, and prospective memory failures) in a diary over the course of a week. Using latent variable techniques the results suggested that individual differences in cognitive abilities (i.e., working memory, attention control, retrospective memory, and prospective memory) were related to individual differences in everyday cognitive failures. Furthermore, everyday cognitive failures predicted SAT scores and partially accounted for the relation between cognitive abilities and SAT scores. These results provide important evidence for individual differences in everyday cognitive failures as well as important evidence for the ecological validity of laboratory cognitive ability measures.

KW - Cognitive failure

KW - Individual difference

KW - Intelligence

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84862269602&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84862269602&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jml.2011.12.005

DO - 10.1016/j.jml.2011.12.005

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84862269602

VL - 67

SP - 1

EP - 16

JO - Revista Espanola de Cirugia Ortopedica y Traumatologia

JF - Revista Espanola de Cirugia Ortopedica y Traumatologia

SN - 1888-4415

IS - 1

ER -