Variability in surface-subsurface hydrologic interactions and implications for nutrient retention in an arid-land stream

C. Lisa Dent, Nancy Grimm, Eugènía Martí, Jennifer W. Edmonds, Julia Curro Henry, Jill R. Welter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrologic interactions among biogeochemically active stream subsystems affect material export downstream. We combined a conservative tracer addition with measurements of water table elevation and nutrient concentrations of surface and subsurface water to examine hydrologic interactions among surface and subsurface subsystems and their implications for stream biogeochemistry. We injected bromide (Br-) into a 400-m reach of Sycamore Creek, a losing stream in central Arizona, for 15 d and monitored changes in concentration in three subsystems: surface, parafluvial, and riparian zones. Additionally, we collected water samples from these subsystems for nutrient analyses. Water flowed from surface to subsurface zones as expected in this losing stream, but a significant amount of subsurface water (17% of surface discharge in the reach) returned to the surface. Within the parafluvial subsystem, median transport time (Tmed) in two gravel bars differed substantially (from 2 to 30 h and from 6 to >300 h, respectively, for upper and lower bars), and varied significantly with depth in the lower bar (mean (±se) Tmed = 190 ± 20 h at 30 cm compared to 101 ± 18 h at 110 cm). Flow paths from the surface to parafluvial and riparian zones, and subsequently back to the surface stream, differ from patterns in mesic areas, where water moves laterally and vertically towards the surface stream. Estimates of nutrient retention for the stream reach varied four fold in response to simulated changes in lateral subsurface connections and the configuration of subsystems. Thus at this scale, accurate nutrient budgets require an understanding of surface-subsurface connections and hydrologic parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberG04004
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences
Volume112
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 28 2007

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arid lands
nutrient retention
nutrients
Nutrients
nutrient
Water
interactions
water
riparian areas
riparian zone
biogeochemistry
Biogeochemistry
water tables
gravels
Surface discharges
arid land
nutrient budget
bromides
surface water
gravel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Forestry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Palaeontology
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology

Cite this

Variability in surface-subsurface hydrologic interactions and implications for nutrient retention in an arid-land stream. / Dent, C. Lisa; Grimm, Nancy; Martí, Eugènía; Edmonds, Jennifer W.; Henry, Julia Curro; Welter, Jill R.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 112, No. 4, G04004, 28.12.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dent, C. Lisa ; Grimm, Nancy ; Martí, Eugènía ; Edmonds, Jennifer W. ; Henry, Julia Curro ; Welter, Jill R. / Variability in surface-subsurface hydrologic interactions and implications for nutrient retention in an arid-land stream. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. 2007 ; Vol. 112, No. 4.
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