Validation of the subtle and blatant racism scale for asian american college students (SABR-A 2)

Hyung Yoo, Michael F. Steger, Richard M. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations


This investigation describes the validation of a measure of perceived racism developed to assess racial experiences of Asian American college students. In three studies across two different regions of the United States, there was strong evidence for the validation of the 8-item Subtle and Blatant Racism Scale for Asian American College Students (SABR-A 2). The subtle racism subscale refers to instances of discrimination attributable implicitly to racial bias or stereotype, whereas the blatant racism subscale refers to instances of discrimination attributable explicitly to racial bias or stereotype. The two-subscale structure of the SABR-A 2 was supported by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and demonstrated discriminant, convergent, and incremental validity, as well as internal reliability and stability over 2 weeks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-334
Number of pages12
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010



  • Asian American
  • Blatant racism
  • Discrimination
  • Measure
  • Subtle racism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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