UV inactivation of adenovirus type 4 measured by integrated cell culture qPCR

Daniel Gerrity, Hodon Ryu, John Crittenden, Morteza Abbaszadegan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations


Recent changes to water quality regulations may increase the prevalence of ultraviolet (UV) disinfection in water treatment applications. Adenoviruses currently pose a tremendous challenge to UV disinfection due to the high dose requirements for inactivation. This study validates a strategy combining cell culture and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) for direct quantification of infectious adenoviruses in disinfection studies. Using primary liver carcinoma cell monolayers grown in well trays or flasks, post-infection washing, and a 24-hr incubation period, the time and material requirements for the infectivity assays were reduced significantly in comparison to traditional assays based on cytopathogenic effects. With this integrated cell culture quantitative PCR (ICC-qPCR) strategy, a standard curve was used to quantify infectious adenoviruses and ultimately determine relative inactivation for a disinfection study. Using ICC-qPCR, UV doses of approximately 10, 34, 69, and 116 mJ/cm2 corresponded to 1, 2, 3, and 4-log inactivation of adenovirus 4 in water, respectively. The results indicate that the new ICC-qPCR strategy represents a practical alternative for the quantification of adenoviruses in disinfection studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1628-1638
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Health - Part A Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering
Issue number14
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008


  • Adenovirus infectivity
  • Disinfection
  • ICC-qPCR
  • UV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering

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