Utility of the psychological screening inventory

A review

Richard I. Lanyon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Psychological Screening Inventory (PSI; R. I. Lanyon, 1970, 1973, 1978, 1993, 2006) was developed as a cost-effective screening device in identifying persons for whom a more complete psychological evaluation should be conducted. The author reviews data bearing on the utility of the PSI in this regard and in more general applications. The Alienation scale showed strong effect sizes in distinguishing psychiatric inpatients from controls, the Social Nonconformity scale in distinguishing incarcerated groups from control, and the Discomfort scale in identifying persons with general psychological distress. These findings were supported by correlational data with comparable scales, and by a variety of smaller comparison studies. Meaningful discriminations were also shown for adolescents and for college-age young adults. Findings in studies of substance abusers and medical problems were also reviewed. Response Distortion scales showed effectiveness similar to that of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2; J. N. Butcher, W. G. Dahlstrom, J. R. Graham, A. Tellegen, & B. Kaemmer, 1989) validity scales. Validity was also shown for several of the seven available foreign language translations. It was concluded that the PSI is effective for the tasks for which it was designed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-307
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2007

Fingerprint

MMPI
Psychology
Equipment and Supplies
Psychiatry
Inpatients
Young Adult
Language
Costs and Cost Analysis
Control Groups
Screening
Psychological
Person

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Mental disorder
  • Psychological screening inventory
  • Review
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Utility of the psychological screening inventory : A review. / Lanyon, Richard I.

In: Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 63, No. 3, 03.2007, p. 283-307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lanyon, Richard I. / Utility of the psychological screening inventory : A review. In: Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2007 ; Vol. 63, No. 3. pp. 283-307.
@article{c57e64532bf34d3b9b333f80bcc02356,
title = "Utility of the psychological screening inventory: A review",
abstract = "The Psychological Screening Inventory (PSI; R. I. Lanyon, 1970, 1973, 1978, 1993, 2006) was developed as a cost-effective screening device in identifying persons for whom a more complete psychological evaluation should be conducted. The author reviews data bearing on the utility of the PSI in this regard and in more general applications. The Alienation scale showed strong effect sizes in distinguishing psychiatric inpatients from controls, the Social Nonconformity scale in distinguishing incarcerated groups from control, and the Discomfort scale in identifying persons with general psychological distress. These findings were supported by correlational data with comparable scales, and by a variety of smaller comparison studies. Meaningful discriminations were also shown for adolescents and for college-age young adults. Findings in studies of substance abusers and medical problems were also reviewed. Response Distortion scales showed effectiveness similar to that of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2; J. N. Butcher, W. G. Dahlstrom, J. R. Graham, A. Tellegen, & B. Kaemmer, 1989) validity scales. Validity was also shown for several of the seven available foreign language translations. It was concluded that the PSI is effective for the tasks for which it was designed.",
keywords = "Assessment, Mental disorder, Psychological screening inventory, Review, Screening",
author = "Lanyon, {Richard I.}",
year = "2007",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1002/jclp.20344",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "63",
pages = "283--307",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Psychology",
issn = "0021-9762",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Utility of the psychological screening inventory

T2 - A review

AU - Lanyon, Richard I.

PY - 2007/3

Y1 - 2007/3

N2 - The Psychological Screening Inventory (PSI; R. I. Lanyon, 1970, 1973, 1978, 1993, 2006) was developed as a cost-effective screening device in identifying persons for whom a more complete psychological evaluation should be conducted. The author reviews data bearing on the utility of the PSI in this regard and in more general applications. The Alienation scale showed strong effect sizes in distinguishing psychiatric inpatients from controls, the Social Nonconformity scale in distinguishing incarcerated groups from control, and the Discomfort scale in identifying persons with general psychological distress. These findings were supported by correlational data with comparable scales, and by a variety of smaller comparison studies. Meaningful discriminations were also shown for adolescents and for college-age young adults. Findings in studies of substance abusers and medical problems were also reviewed. Response Distortion scales showed effectiveness similar to that of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2; J. N. Butcher, W. G. Dahlstrom, J. R. Graham, A. Tellegen, & B. Kaemmer, 1989) validity scales. Validity was also shown for several of the seven available foreign language translations. It was concluded that the PSI is effective for the tasks for which it was designed.

AB - The Psychological Screening Inventory (PSI; R. I. Lanyon, 1970, 1973, 1978, 1993, 2006) was developed as a cost-effective screening device in identifying persons for whom a more complete psychological evaluation should be conducted. The author reviews data bearing on the utility of the PSI in this regard and in more general applications. The Alienation scale showed strong effect sizes in distinguishing psychiatric inpatients from controls, the Social Nonconformity scale in distinguishing incarcerated groups from control, and the Discomfort scale in identifying persons with general psychological distress. These findings were supported by correlational data with comparable scales, and by a variety of smaller comparison studies. Meaningful discriminations were also shown for adolescents and for college-age young adults. Findings in studies of substance abusers and medical problems were also reviewed. Response Distortion scales showed effectiveness similar to that of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2; J. N. Butcher, W. G. Dahlstrom, J. R. Graham, A. Tellegen, & B. Kaemmer, 1989) validity scales. Validity was also shown for several of the seven available foreign language translations. It was concluded that the PSI is effective for the tasks for which it was designed.

KW - Assessment

KW - Mental disorder

KW - Psychological screening inventory

KW - Review

KW - Screening

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33947493535&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33947493535&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/jclp.20344

DO - 10.1002/jclp.20344

M3 - Article

VL - 63

SP - 283

EP - 307

JO - Journal of Clinical Psychology

JF - Journal of Clinical Psychology

SN - 0021-9762

IS - 3

ER -