Utility of Social Cognitive Theory in intervention design for promoting physical activity among African-American women: A qualitative study

Rodney Joseph, Barbara Ainsworth, Latanya Mathis, Steven P. Hooker, Colleen Keller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: We examined the cultural relevance of Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) in the design of a physical activity intervention for African-American women. Methods: A qualitative study design was used. Twenty-five African-American women (Mean age = 38.5 years, Mean BMI = 39.4 kg.m2) were enrolled in a series of focus groups (N = 9) to elucidate how 5 SCT constructs (ie, Behavioral Capability, Outcome Expectations, Self-efficacy, Self-regulation, Social Support) can be culturally tailored in the design of a physical activity program for African-American women. Results: For the construct of Behavioral Capability, participants were generally unaware of the amount, intensity, and types of physical activity needed for health benefits. Outcome Expectations associated with physical activity included increased energy, improved health, weight loss, and positive role modeling behaviors. Constructs of Self-efficacy and Self-regulation were elicited through the women perceiving themselves as a primary barrier to physical activity. Participants endorsed the need of a strong social support component and identified a variety of acceptable sources to include in a physical activity program (ie, family, friends, other program participants). Conclusions: Findings explicate the utility of SCT as a behavioral change theoretical basis for tailoring physical activity programs to African-American women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)518-533
Number of pages16
JournalAmerican journal of health behavior
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Behavioral theory
  • Black women
  • Cultural tailoring
  • Exercise
  • Social Cognitive Theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Utility of Social Cognitive Theory in intervention design for promoting physical activity among African-American women: A qualitative study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this