Utility of Social Cognitive Theory in intervention design for promoting physical activity among African-American women

A qualitative study

Rodney Joseph, Barbara Ainsworth, Latanya Mathis, Steven P. Hooker, Colleen Keller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: We examined the cultural relevance of Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) in the design of a physical activity intervention for African-American women. Methods: A qualitative study design was used. Twenty-five African-American women (Mean age = 38.5 years, Mean BMI = 39.4 kg.m2) were enrolled in a series of focus groups (N = 9) to elucidate how 5 SCT constructs (ie, Behavioral Capability, Outcome Expectations, Self-efficacy, Self-regulation, Social Support) can be culturally tailored in the design of a physical activity program for African-American women. Results: For the construct of Behavioral Capability, participants were generally unaware of the amount, intensity, and types of physical activity needed for health benefits. Outcome Expectations associated with physical activity included increased energy, improved health, weight loss, and positive role modeling behaviors. Constructs of Self-efficacy and Self-regulation were elicited through the women perceiving themselves as a primary barrier to physical activity. Participants endorsed the need of a strong social support component and identified a variety of acceptable sources to include in a physical activity program (ie, family, friends, other program participants). Conclusions: Findings explicate the utility of SCT as a behavioral change theoretical basis for tailoring physical activity programs to African-American women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)518-533
Number of pages16
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Fingerprint

cognitive theory
African Americans
Exercise
Self Efficacy
self-regulation
Social Support
self-efficacy
social support
family program
Insurance Benefits
Social Theory
American
Focus Groups
health
Weight Loss
energy
Health

Keywords

  • Behavioral theory
  • Black women
  • Cultural tailoring
  • Exercise
  • Social Cognitive Theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Utility of Social Cognitive Theory in intervention design for promoting physical activity among African-American women : A qualitative study. / Joseph, Rodney; Ainsworth, Barbara; Mathis, Latanya; Hooker, Steven P.; Keller, Colleen.

In: American Journal of Health Behavior, Vol. 41, No. 5, 01.09.2017, p. 518-533.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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