In this paper, we examine the relationship between drug use and gang member-ship using data from the Arizona Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program, which collects both self-report and hard measures (i.e., urinalysis) of drug use. Our analyses revealed that self-reported recent drug use (i.e., drug use in the past three days) and urinalysis outcomes were similarly associated with the gang-membership variables. These findings suggest that self-reported data obtained from gang members is a particularly robust method for gathering information on their recent behavior. Additionally, our results were supportive of the social facilitation model, showing that current gang members were significantly more likely to use marijuana and cocaine compared with former gang members. The implications for policy and future research are discussed.
- Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring program
- Drug use
- Gang membership
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine