Using participatory design to create a user interface for analyzing pivotal response treatment video probes

Corey D.C. Heath, Tracey Heath, Troy McDaniel, Hemanth Venkateswara, Sethuraman Panchanathan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Training caregivers in pivotal response treatment (PRT) has been shown to help improve communication skills in children with autism. PRT training programs are implemented by clinicians that provide instruction, modelling, and assessment. Assessments are based on video recordings of the caregivers interacting with their children. Multimodal processing technologies could alleviate the costs involved in analyzing videos and providing performance-based feedback. Constructing a user interface (UI) for clinicians to view data extracted from PRT videos is an important aspect for creating a feedback system. Including clinicians throughout the design and development process ensures that the application fully meets the user’s needs. Currently, automated data collection and analysis is not undertaken in PRT evaluation. In addition to designing an interface, this project seeks to identify meaningful metrics and visual displays that will aid behavior analysts in their assessments. As part of a participatory design paradigm, clinicians evaluated a wireframe, alpha build, and beta build of a UI prototype. Critiques focused on application features, evaluation of automatically collected data, and usability. The prototype was evaluated as being capable of reducing video review time, and affording more opportunities for providing feedback to caregivers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSmart Multimedia - 2nd International Conference, ICSM 2019, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsTroy McDaniel, Stefano Berretti, Igor D.D. Curcio, Anup Basu
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9783030544065
StatePublished - 2020
Event2nd International Conference on Smart Multimedia, ICSM 2019 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Dec 16 2019Dec 18 2019

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12015 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference2nd International Conference on Smart Multimedia, ICSM 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego


  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Multimodal analysis
  • Participatory design
  • Pivotal response treatment
  • User interface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)


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