Using negative electron affinity diamond emitters to mitigate space charge in vacuum thermionic energy conversion devices

J. R. Smith, G. L. Bilbro, R. J. Nemanich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

A negative electron affinity (NEA) diamond surface is employed as an emitter electrode in a vacuum thermionic energy conversion device in order to mitigate the negative space charge effect. The motive diagram of an NEA device operating at the virtual saturation point is compared to a similar device with a conventional emitter material operating in the space charge limited regime in order to understand how NEA mitigates space charge. Output current characteristics are calculated for various NEA values, and the results are compared to an ideal (no space charge) model. Increasing the value of the NEA causes the output current characteristic to approach that of the ideal model. Motive diagrams for various values of NEA are calculated and used to explain this phenomenon. It is shown that an NEA device can achieve a maximum output power density equal to the maximum output power density of a similar ideal device.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2082-2085
Number of pages4
JournalDiamond and Related Materials
Volume15
Issue number11-12 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Device modeling
  • Diamond crystal
  • Negative electron affinity
  • Thermionic energy conversion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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