Using low concentrations of nano-carbons to induce polymer self-reinforcement of composites for high-performance applications

Kenan Song, Yiying Zhang, Marilyn L. Minus

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study focuses on the influence of low nano-carbon loading in polymer based composite fibers to modify matrix microstructure. With regards to the processing-structure-property relationship, post-spinning heat treatments (i.e., drawing, annealing without tension, and annealing with tension) was used to track microstructural development and associated mechanical property changes. Drawing and annealing procedures were found to influence the interphase volume fraction, fibril dimensions, sub-fibrillar lamellae, and sub-lamellae grain size for each sample. Annealing at 160 °C was found to have the largest impact on interphase percentage, fibril length, and grain packing density. These improvements corresponded to excellent mechanical properties for both control and composite fibers. Understanding the relationship between processing and property provides a novel perspective for producing high-performance composite materials from flexible polymers by only minimal amounts of carbon nano-fillers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCarbon Nanotubes - Synthesis, Properties, Functionalization, and Applications
EditorsPaulo T. Araujo, Aaron Franklin, Yoong Ahm Kim, Michael Krueger
PublisherMaterials Research Society
Pages137-144
Number of pages8
Volume1752
ISBN (Electronic)9781605117294
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event2014 MRS Fall Meeting - Boston, United States
Duration: Nov 30 2014Dec 5 2014

Other

Other2014 MRS Fall Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period11/30/1412/5/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Song, K., Zhang, Y., & Minus, M. L. (2015). Using low concentrations of nano-carbons to induce polymer self-reinforcement of composites for high-performance applications. In P. T. Araujo, A. Franklin, Y. A. Kim, & M. Krueger (Eds.), Carbon Nanotubes - Synthesis, Properties, Functionalization, and Applications (Vol. 1752, pp. 137-144). Materials Research Society. https://doi.org/10.1557/opl.2015.254