Using ecological models in research on health disparities

Elizabeth Reifsnider, Martina Gallagher, Bunny Forgione

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ecological models of human interaction can be used to study complex community problems that affect health disparities. These models allow researchers to study the components of a problem and understand how the problem can be ameliorated with nursing interventions. This article describes four research studies in which ecological models were used to either understand a phenomenon or design and test an intervention. The methods used were ethnography, descriptive/correlational, and quasi-experimental. All subjects were low-income women and children, largely of Hispanic ethnicity, residing in South Texas. The ecological models were derived from Bronfenbrenner's ecology of human development theory, epidemiology, Rubin's theory of developmental tasks of pregnancy, and Barnard's model of mother-child interaction. Heuristic models that represent reality allow researchers to divide a complex problem, such as health disparities, into manageable components. The influence of families, neighborhoods, and communities can be considered without losing sight of individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-222
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Professional Nursing
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Health
Research
Research Personnel
Cultural Anthropology
Mother-Child Relations
Human Development
Ecology
Hispanic Americans
Epidemiology
Nursing
Pregnancy
Heuristics

Keywords

  • Ecological models
  • Health disparities
  • Nursing research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Using ecological models in research on health disparities. / Reifsnider, Elizabeth; Gallagher, Martina; Forgione, Bunny.

In: Journal of Professional Nursing, Vol. 21, No. 4, 07.2005, p. 216-222.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reifsnider, Elizabeth ; Gallagher, Martina ; Forgione, Bunny. / Using ecological models in research on health disparities. In: Journal of Professional Nursing. 2005 ; Vol. 21, No. 4. pp. 216-222.
@article{b6c4bb7107d1478c9e474e14f0e4276e,
title = "Using ecological models in research on health disparities",
abstract = "Ecological models of human interaction can be used to study complex community problems that affect health disparities. These models allow researchers to study the components of a problem and understand how the problem can be ameliorated with nursing interventions. This article describes four research studies in which ecological models were used to either understand a phenomenon or design and test an intervention. The methods used were ethnography, descriptive/correlational, and quasi-experimental. All subjects were low-income women and children, largely of Hispanic ethnicity, residing in South Texas. The ecological models were derived from Bronfenbrenner's ecology of human development theory, epidemiology, Rubin's theory of developmental tasks of pregnancy, and Barnard's model of mother-child interaction. Heuristic models that represent reality allow researchers to divide a complex problem, such as health disparities, into manageable components. The influence of families, neighborhoods, and communities can be considered without losing sight of individuals.",
keywords = "Ecological models, Health disparities, Nursing research",
author = "Elizabeth Reifsnider and Martina Gallagher and Bunny Forgione",
year = "2005",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.profnurs.2005.05.006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "21",
pages = "216--222",
journal = "Journal of Professional Nursing",
issn = "8755-7223",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Using ecological models in research on health disparities

AU - Reifsnider, Elizabeth

AU - Gallagher, Martina

AU - Forgione, Bunny

PY - 2005/7

Y1 - 2005/7

N2 - Ecological models of human interaction can be used to study complex community problems that affect health disparities. These models allow researchers to study the components of a problem and understand how the problem can be ameliorated with nursing interventions. This article describes four research studies in which ecological models were used to either understand a phenomenon or design and test an intervention. The methods used were ethnography, descriptive/correlational, and quasi-experimental. All subjects were low-income women and children, largely of Hispanic ethnicity, residing in South Texas. The ecological models were derived from Bronfenbrenner's ecology of human development theory, epidemiology, Rubin's theory of developmental tasks of pregnancy, and Barnard's model of mother-child interaction. Heuristic models that represent reality allow researchers to divide a complex problem, such as health disparities, into manageable components. The influence of families, neighborhoods, and communities can be considered without losing sight of individuals.

AB - Ecological models of human interaction can be used to study complex community problems that affect health disparities. These models allow researchers to study the components of a problem and understand how the problem can be ameliorated with nursing interventions. This article describes four research studies in which ecological models were used to either understand a phenomenon or design and test an intervention. The methods used were ethnography, descriptive/correlational, and quasi-experimental. All subjects were low-income women and children, largely of Hispanic ethnicity, residing in South Texas. The ecological models were derived from Bronfenbrenner's ecology of human development theory, epidemiology, Rubin's theory of developmental tasks of pregnancy, and Barnard's model of mother-child interaction. Heuristic models that represent reality allow researchers to divide a complex problem, such as health disparities, into manageable components. The influence of families, neighborhoods, and communities can be considered without losing sight of individuals.

KW - Ecological models

KW - Health disparities

KW - Nursing research

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=23144458111&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=23144458111&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.profnurs.2005.05.006

DO - 10.1016/j.profnurs.2005.05.006

M3 - Article

C2 - 16061168

AN - SCOPUS:23144458111

VL - 21

SP - 216

EP - 222

JO - Journal of Professional Nursing

JF - Journal of Professional Nursing

SN - 8755-7223

IS - 4

ER -