Using Community Insight to Understand Physical Activity Adoption in Overweight and Obese African American and Hispanic Women

A Qualitative Study

Scherezade K. Mama, Sheryl A. McCurdy, Alexandra E. Evans, Deborah I. Thompson, Pamela M. Diamond, Rebecca Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ecologic models suggest that multiple levels of influencing factors are important for determining physical activity participation and include individual, social, and environmental factors. The purpose of this qualitative study was to use an ecologic framework to gain a deeper understanding of the underlying behavioral mechanisms that influence physical activity adoption among ethnic minority women. Eighteen African American and Hispanic women completed a 1-hour in-depth interview. Verbatim interview transcripts were analyzed for emergent themes using a constant comparison approach. Women were middle-aged (age M = 43.9 ± 7.3 years), obese (body mass index M = 35.0 ± 8.9 kg/m2), and of high socioeconomic status (88.9% completed some college or more, 41.2% reported income >$82,600/year). Participants discussed individual factors, including the need for confidence, motivation and time, and emphasized the importance of environmental factors, including their physical neighborhood environments and safety of and accessibility to physical activity resources. Women talked about caretaking for others and social support and how these influenced physical activity behavior. The findings from this study highlight the multilevel, interactive complexities that influence physical activity, emphasizing the need for a more sophisticated, ecologic approach for increasing physical activity adoption and maintenance among ethnic minority women. Community insight gleaned from this study may be used to better understand determinants of physical activity and develop multilevel solutions and programs guided by an ecologic framework to increase physical activity in ethnic minority women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-328
Number of pages8
JournalHealth Education and Behavior
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 4 2015

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
African Americans
Exercise
Interviews
Qualitative Study
Physical Activity
Social Class
Social Support
Body Mass Index
Maintenance
Safety
Ethnic Minorities

Keywords

  • community
  • exercise
  • incentive
  • minority health
  • participatory research
  • social environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Using Community Insight to Understand Physical Activity Adoption in Overweight and Obese African American and Hispanic Women : A Qualitative Study. / Mama, Scherezade K.; McCurdy, Sheryl A.; Evans, Alexandra E.; Thompson, Deborah I.; Diamond, Pamela M.; Lee, Rebecca.

In: Health Education and Behavior, Vol. 42, No. 3, 04.06.2015, p. 321-328.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mama, Scherezade K. ; McCurdy, Sheryl A. ; Evans, Alexandra E. ; Thompson, Deborah I. ; Diamond, Pamela M. ; Lee, Rebecca. / Using Community Insight to Understand Physical Activity Adoption in Overweight and Obese African American and Hispanic Women : A Qualitative Study. In: Health Education and Behavior. 2015 ; Vol. 42, No. 3. pp. 321-328.
@article{6eee5b8030f24a9c8aa569b377fbdcbd,
title = "Using Community Insight to Understand Physical Activity Adoption in Overweight and Obese African American and Hispanic Women: A Qualitative Study",
abstract = "Ecologic models suggest that multiple levels of influencing factors are important for determining physical activity participation and include individual, social, and environmental factors. The purpose of this qualitative study was to use an ecologic framework to gain a deeper understanding of the underlying behavioral mechanisms that influence physical activity adoption among ethnic minority women. Eighteen African American and Hispanic women completed a 1-hour in-depth interview. Verbatim interview transcripts were analyzed for emergent themes using a constant comparison approach. Women were middle-aged (age M = 43.9 ± 7.3 years), obese (body mass index M = 35.0 ± 8.9 kg/m2), and of high socioeconomic status (88.9{\%} completed some college or more, 41.2{\%} reported income >$82,600/year). Participants discussed individual factors, including the need for confidence, motivation and time, and emphasized the importance of environmental factors, including their physical neighborhood environments and safety of and accessibility to physical activity resources. Women talked about caretaking for others and social support and how these influenced physical activity behavior. The findings from this study highlight the multilevel, interactive complexities that influence physical activity, emphasizing the need for a more sophisticated, ecologic approach for increasing physical activity adoption and maintenance among ethnic minority women. Community insight gleaned from this study may be used to better understand determinants of physical activity and develop multilevel solutions and programs guided by an ecologic framework to increase physical activity in ethnic minority women.",
keywords = "community, exercise, incentive, minority health, participatory research, social environment",
author = "Mama, {Scherezade K.} and McCurdy, {Sheryl A.} and Evans, {Alexandra E.} and Thompson, {Deborah I.} and Diamond, {Pamela M.} and Rebecca Lee",
year = "2015",
month = "6",
day = "4",
doi = "10.1177/1090198114557128",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "42",
pages = "321--328",
journal = "Health Education and Behavior",
issn = "1090-1981",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Using Community Insight to Understand Physical Activity Adoption in Overweight and Obese African American and Hispanic Women

T2 - A Qualitative Study

AU - Mama, Scherezade K.

AU - McCurdy, Sheryl A.

AU - Evans, Alexandra E.

AU - Thompson, Deborah I.

AU - Diamond, Pamela M.

AU - Lee, Rebecca

PY - 2015/6/4

Y1 - 2015/6/4

N2 - Ecologic models suggest that multiple levels of influencing factors are important for determining physical activity participation and include individual, social, and environmental factors. The purpose of this qualitative study was to use an ecologic framework to gain a deeper understanding of the underlying behavioral mechanisms that influence physical activity adoption among ethnic minority women. Eighteen African American and Hispanic women completed a 1-hour in-depth interview. Verbatim interview transcripts were analyzed for emergent themes using a constant comparison approach. Women were middle-aged (age M = 43.9 ± 7.3 years), obese (body mass index M = 35.0 ± 8.9 kg/m2), and of high socioeconomic status (88.9% completed some college or more, 41.2% reported income >$82,600/year). Participants discussed individual factors, including the need for confidence, motivation and time, and emphasized the importance of environmental factors, including their physical neighborhood environments and safety of and accessibility to physical activity resources. Women talked about caretaking for others and social support and how these influenced physical activity behavior. The findings from this study highlight the multilevel, interactive complexities that influence physical activity, emphasizing the need for a more sophisticated, ecologic approach for increasing physical activity adoption and maintenance among ethnic minority women. Community insight gleaned from this study may be used to better understand determinants of physical activity and develop multilevel solutions and programs guided by an ecologic framework to increase physical activity in ethnic minority women.

AB - Ecologic models suggest that multiple levels of influencing factors are important for determining physical activity participation and include individual, social, and environmental factors. The purpose of this qualitative study was to use an ecologic framework to gain a deeper understanding of the underlying behavioral mechanisms that influence physical activity adoption among ethnic minority women. Eighteen African American and Hispanic women completed a 1-hour in-depth interview. Verbatim interview transcripts were analyzed for emergent themes using a constant comparison approach. Women were middle-aged (age M = 43.9 ± 7.3 years), obese (body mass index M = 35.0 ± 8.9 kg/m2), and of high socioeconomic status (88.9% completed some college or more, 41.2% reported income >$82,600/year). Participants discussed individual factors, including the need for confidence, motivation and time, and emphasized the importance of environmental factors, including their physical neighborhood environments and safety of and accessibility to physical activity resources. Women talked about caretaking for others and social support and how these influenced physical activity behavior. The findings from this study highlight the multilevel, interactive complexities that influence physical activity, emphasizing the need for a more sophisticated, ecologic approach for increasing physical activity adoption and maintenance among ethnic minority women. Community insight gleaned from this study may be used to better understand determinants of physical activity and develop multilevel solutions and programs guided by an ecologic framework to increase physical activity in ethnic minority women.

KW - community

KW - exercise

KW - incentive

KW - minority health

KW - participatory research

KW - social environment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84930405399&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84930405399&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1090198114557128

DO - 10.1177/1090198114557128

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 321

EP - 328

JO - Health Education and Behavior

JF - Health Education and Behavior

SN - 1090-1981

IS - 3

ER -