U.S. immigration reform: policy issues and economic analysis.

M. J. Greenwood, J. M. Mcdowell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper discusses the US immigration issue which has resurfaced in the last 10 years because the foreign born population grew by 4.5 million between 1970 and 1980. Because immigration accounts for 25% of the US population growth during the 1970s, reconsideration of US immigration policy by the government is underway. The Select Commission on Immigration and Refugee Policy was established in 1979 to evaluate existing laws and policies on admitting immigrants into the US. Presently, these policies focus on family reunification, as opposed to labor considerations. In 1984, the Senate and House passed the Simpson-Mazzoli Bill, but the bill died in the conference committee that was established to reconcile the differences between the 2 versions. 3 provisions of debate surround the proposed act: 1) control of illegal immigration - - the Senate arguing for the requirement of a national identification card to verify an individual is authorized for US employment; 2) legalization of alien status - - the House refusing to confer immediate permanent resident status on any alien; and 3) reform of legal immigration - - a provision that the House altogether ignores. Immigration takes jobs from Americans, depresses domestic wages, and worsens working conditions. On the other hand, immigrants fill the jobs which domestic workers find undesirable. The compromises reached by the conference committee concentrate on employer sanctions and the legalization of illegal aliens; reform of legal immigration failed to gain approval.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-75
Number of pages17
JournalContemporary Policy Issues
Volume3
Issue number3 Pt 1
StatePublished - Mar 1985
Externally publishedYes

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Emigration and Immigration
reform policy
immigration
Economics
economics
legalization
senate
immigrant
illegal immigration
reform
reunification
immigration policy
working conditions
bill
sanction
population growth
Refugees
compromise
refugee
Immigration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Greenwood, M. J., & Mcdowell, J. M. (1985). U.S. immigration reform: policy issues and economic analysis. Contemporary Policy Issues, 3(3 Pt 1), 59-75.

U.S. immigration reform : policy issues and economic analysis. / Greenwood, M. J.; Mcdowell, J. M.

In: Contemporary Policy Issues, Vol. 3, No. 3 Pt 1, 03.1985, p. 59-75.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Greenwood, MJ & Mcdowell, JM 1985, 'U.S. immigration reform: policy issues and economic analysis.', Contemporary Policy Issues, vol. 3, no. 3 Pt 1, pp. 59-75.
Greenwood, M. J. ; Mcdowell, J. M. / U.S. immigration reform : policy issues and economic analysis. In: Contemporary Policy Issues. 1985 ; Vol. 3, No. 3 Pt 1. pp. 59-75.
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