Abstract

Urban infrastructure supplies water to urban areas and drains away sewage and stormwater. These services are critical to the health and prosperity of modern cities. The built infrastructure includes reservoirs, concrete channels, canals, pipes, pumps, and treatment facilities. This infrastructure is usually owned by public entities (cities or water and sewer agencies). Some smaller sized systems are operated by private companies who can adequately train personnel and achieve economies of scale through operating facilities for several localized treatment and distribution systems. Privatization for operations of large-sized water and wastewater systems (i.e., serving >100,000 people) is slowly expanding in the USA, although the cities still own the infrastructure. Public entities bill private residences, commercial and industrial users, etc. to repay the enormous capital investment of this infrastructure, reoccurring replacement and repair and continuous operating expenses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationtThe Water Environment of Cities
PublisherSpringer US
Pages49-68
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print)9780387848907
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Fingerprint

mass balance
infrastructure
salt
water
economy of scale
privatization
stormwater
distribution system
drain
repair
train
canal
pump
sewage
pipe
replacement
urban area
water supply
wastewater
city

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Westerhoff, P., & Crittenden, J. (2009). Urban infrastructure and use of mass balance models for water and salt. In tThe Water Environment of Cities (pp. 49-68). Springer US. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-84891-4_4

Urban infrastructure and use of mass balance models for water and salt. / Westerhoff, Paul; Crittenden, John.

tThe Water Environment of Cities. Springer US, 2009. p. 49-68.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Westerhoff, P & Crittenden, J 2009, Urban infrastructure and use of mass balance models for water and salt. in tThe Water Environment of Cities. Springer US, pp. 49-68. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-84891-4_4
Westerhoff, Paul ; Crittenden, John. / Urban infrastructure and use of mass balance models for water and salt. tThe Water Environment of Cities. Springer US, 2009. pp. 49-68
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