Urban American Indian Youth Spirituality and Religion

A Latent Class Analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article explores the interconnected spiritual, religious, and cultural worlds of the majority of American Indian (AI) youth who live in urban areas: their patterns of involvement in religion and Native spirituality and associated well-being. Latent class analysis of data from 205 AI middle school students identified five distinctive classes using survey measures of religious affiliation, attendance at services, adherence to Christian and traditional spiritual beliefs, Native spirituality, and Native cultural practices. Two classes were Christian groups: one attending Christian churches and following Christian beliefs but uninvolved with Native beliefs, spirituality, or cultural practices; and a nominal Christian group affiliated with but not attending church and unattached to belief systems. Two groups followed Native beliefs and spiritual practices, one affiliated with the Native American Church and another unaffiliated with any church. The fifth, nonreligious group, had no religious affiliation, followed neither Christian nor traditional beliefs, and was uninvolved in Native spirituality and cultural practices. The two groups embracing AI spirituality reported better academic performance, more reservation contact, higher AI enculturation, and stronger bicultural orientations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)677-697
Number of pages21
JournalJournal for the Scientific Study of Religion
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Fingerprint

Religion
American Indians
Spirituality
Latent Class Analysis
Cultural Practices
Religious Affiliation
Christian Beliefs
Well-being
Belief Systems
Spiritual Practice
Urban Areas
Native Americans
Reservation
Enculturation
Academic Performance
Adherence
Christian Churches
Middle School

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • American Indian
  • Native American
  • religion
  • spirituality
  • urban

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies

Cite this

@article{11fa5655f2134e36a2fb08a25eeae7d3,
title = "Urban American Indian Youth Spirituality and Religion: A Latent Class Analysis",
abstract = "This article explores the interconnected spiritual, religious, and cultural worlds of the majority of American Indian (AI) youth who live in urban areas: their patterns of involvement in religion and Native spirituality and associated well-being. Latent class analysis of data from 205 AI middle school students identified five distinctive classes using survey measures of religious affiliation, attendance at services, adherence to Christian and traditional spiritual beliefs, Native spirituality, and Native cultural practices. Two classes were Christian groups: one attending Christian churches and following Christian beliefs but uninvolved with Native beliefs, spirituality, or cultural practices; and a nominal Christian group affiliated with but not attending church and unattached to belief systems. Two groups followed Native beliefs and spiritual practices, one affiliated with the Native American Church and another unaffiliated with any church. The fifth, nonreligious group, had no religious affiliation, followed neither Christian nor traditional beliefs, and was uninvolved in Native spirituality and cultural practices. The two groups embracing AI spirituality reported better academic performance, more reservation contact, higher AI enculturation, and stronger bicultural orientations.",
keywords = "adolescents, American Indian, Native American, religion, spirituality, urban",
author = "Stephen Kulis and Monica Tsethlikai",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/jssr.12298",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "55",
pages = "677--697",
journal = "Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion",
issn = "0021-8294",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Urban American Indian Youth Spirituality and Religion

T2 - A Latent Class Analysis

AU - Kulis, Stephen

AU - Tsethlikai, Monica

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - This article explores the interconnected spiritual, religious, and cultural worlds of the majority of American Indian (AI) youth who live in urban areas: their patterns of involvement in religion and Native spirituality and associated well-being. Latent class analysis of data from 205 AI middle school students identified five distinctive classes using survey measures of religious affiliation, attendance at services, adherence to Christian and traditional spiritual beliefs, Native spirituality, and Native cultural practices. Two classes were Christian groups: one attending Christian churches and following Christian beliefs but uninvolved with Native beliefs, spirituality, or cultural practices; and a nominal Christian group affiliated with but not attending church and unattached to belief systems. Two groups followed Native beliefs and spiritual practices, one affiliated with the Native American Church and another unaffiliated with any church. The fifth, nonreligious group, had no religious affiliation, followed neither Christian nor traditional beliefs, and was uninvolved in Native spirituality and cultural practices. The two groups embracing AI spirituality reported better academic performance, more reservation contact, higher AI enculturation, and stronger bicultural orientations.

AB - This article explores the interconnected spiritual, religious, and cultural worlds of the majority of American Indian (AI) youth who live in urban areas: their patterns of involvement in religion and Native spirituality and associated well-being. Latent class analysis of data from 205 AI middle school students identified five distinctive classes using survey measures of religious affiliation, attendance at services, adherence to Christian and traditional spiritual beliefs, Native spirituality, and Native cultural practices. Two classes were Christian groups: one attending Christian churches and following Christian beliefs but uninvolved with Native beliefs, spirituality, or cultural practices; and a nominal Christian group affiliated with but not attending church and unattached to belief systems. Two groups followed Native beliefs and spiritual practices, one affiliated with the Native American Church and another unaffiliated with any church. The fifth, nonreligious group, had no religious affiliation, followed neither Christian nor traditional beliefs, and was uninvolved in Native spirituality and cultural practices. The two groups embracing AI spirituality reported better academic performance, more reservation contact, higher AI enculturation, and stronger bicultural orientations.

KW - adolescents

KW - American Indian

KW - Native American

KW - religion

KW - spirituality

KW - urban

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85011392102&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85011392102&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jssr.12298

DO - 10.1111/jssr.12298

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 677

EP - 697

JO - Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion

JF - Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion

SN - 0021-8294

IS - 4

ER -