Uranium removal from groundwater by natural clinoptilolite zeolite: Effects of pH and initial feed concentration

Lucy Mar Camacho, Shuguang Deng, Ramona R. Parra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

171 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adsorption of uranium (VI) on a natural clinoptilolite zeolite from Sweetwater County, Wyoming was investigated. Batch experiments were conducted to study the effects of pH and initial feed concentrations on uranium removal efficiency. It was found that the clinoptilolite can neutralize both acidic and low basic water solutions through its alkalinity and ion-exchange reactions with U within the solution, and adsorption of uranium (VI) species on clinoptilolite not only depends on the pH but also the initial feed concentration. The highest uranium removal efficiency (95.6%) was obtained at initial uranium concentration of 5 mg/L and pH 6.0. The Langmuir adsorption isotherm model correlates well with the uranium adsorption equilibrium data for the concentration range of 0.1-500 mg/L. From the experimental data obtained in this work, it was found that the zeolite sample investigated in this work is a mixture of clinoptilolite-Na zeolite and mineral impurities with a relatively large specific surface area (BET of 18 m2/g) and promising adsorption properties for uranium removal from contaminated water.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-398
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume175
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Amphoteric
  • Clinoptilolite
  • Equilibrium
  • Uranium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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