Upper limb strength and muscle volume in healthy middle-aged adults

Katherine R. Saul, Meghan E. Vidt, Garry E. Gold, Wendy M. Murray

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    12 Scopus citations


    Our purpose was to characterize shoulder muscle volume and isometric moment, as well as their relationship, for healthy middleaged adults. Muscle volume and maximum isometric joint moment were assessed for 6 functional muscle groups of the shoulder, elbow, and wrist in 10 middle-aged adults (46-60 y, 5M, 5F). Compared with young adults, shoulder abductors composed a smaller percentage of total muscle volume (P =.0009) and there was a reduction in shoulder adductor strength relative to elbow flexors (P =.012). We observed a consistent ordering of moment-generating capacity among functional groups across subjects. Although total muscle volume spanned a 2.3-fold range, muscle volume was distributed among functional groups in a consistent manner across subjects. On average, 72% of the variation in joint moment could be explained by the corresponding functional group muscle volume. These data are useful for improved modeling of upper limb musculoskeletal performance in middle-aged subjects, and may improve computational predictions of function for this group.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)484-491
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Applied Biomechanics
    Issue number6
    StatePublished - Dec 2015


    • Biomechanics
    • Isometric
    • MRI
    • Muscle volume
    • Strength

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biophysics
    • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
    • Rehabilitation


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