Understanding the limits of RF-based collaborative localization

Gianni Giorgetti, Sandeep Gupta, Gianfranco Manes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

RF-based localization has gained popularity as a low-cost solution to support position awareness in ad hoc networks. The received signal strength (RSS) measured by pairs of nodes can be used to obtain either range estimates or connectivity information. It is not clear, however: 1) when a range-based scheme should be used in favor of a connectivity-based one, and 2) how to optimally convert the RSS into connectivity data. This paper uses analysis of the Fisher information and the Cramér-Rao bound (CRB) to answer these questions. Solutions are found by comparing the network connectivity against two values: the critical connectivity (CC) and the optimal connectivity (OC). After discussing the properties of both values, we show how their approximation can be used to improve the performance of RF-based localization systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5764849
Pages (from-to)1638-1651
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Connectivity
  • Cramér-Rao bound (CRB)
  • Fisher information
  • localization
  • ranging
  • received signal strength (RSS)
  • signal strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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