Understanding intra-urban human mobility through an exploratory spatiotemporal analysis of bike-sharing trajectories

Wenwen Li, Shaohua Wang, Xiaoyi Zhang, Qingren Jia, Yuanyuan Tian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we present a data-driven framework to support exploratory spatial, temporal, and statistical analysis of intra-urban human mobility. We leveraged a new mobility data source, the dockless bike-sharing service Mobike, to quantify short-trip transportation patterns in Shanghai, China, the world’s largest bike-share city. A data-driven framework was established to integrate multiple data sources, including transportation network data (roads, bikes, and public transit), road characteristics, and urban land use, to achieve a detailed, accurate analysis of cycling patterns at both the individual and group levels. The results provide a comprehensive view of mobility patterns in the use of shared-ride bicycles, including: (1) the temporal and spatiotemporal distribution of shared-bike usage and how this varies according to different land use; (2) the statistical distribution of Mobike trips, which are primarily short-distance; and (3) the travel behavior and road factors that influence Mobike users’ route choice. The findings offer valuable insights for city planners regarding infrastructure development, for shared-ride bike companies to offer better bike rebalancing strategies to meet user demand, and for the promotion of this new green transportation mode to alleviate traffic congestion and enhance public health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2451-2474
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal of Geographical Information Science
Volume34
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

Keywords

  • bike sharing
  • data-driven geography
  • human mobility
  • smart cities
  • travel behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Library and Information Sciences

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