Two bullets to the head and an early winter: Fate permits Kutuzov to defeat Napoleon at Moscow

Sergiy V. Kushchayev, Evgenii Belykh, Yakiv Fishchenko, Aliaksei Salei, Oleg M. Teytelboym, Leonid Shabaturov, Markus Cruse, Mark C. Preul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

General Mikhail Kutuzov (circa 1745-1813) brilliantly repelled Napoleon's invasion of Russia. Honored as a national hero and a savior of Russia, Kutuzov has a unique medical story. He was shot in the head twice while fighting the Turks (1774 and 1788) and survived the serious injuries seemingly against all odds. The first bullet "ran through the head from one temple to the other behind both eyes." The second bullet entered the cheek, destroyed upper teeth, traveled through the head, and exited the occiput. Massot, a French surgeon with the Russian army, wrote after treating Kutuzov's seemingly two mortal wounds: "It must be believed that fate appoints Kutuzov to something great, because he was still alive after two injuries, a death sentence by all the rules of medical science." Aided by Massot's expert surgical technique, Kutuzov lived to become intimately engaged in events that altered world history. His health did, however, suffer significant effects due to the bullet wounds. In 1812, as Napoleon's Grande Armée approached, Kutuzov realized he could not confront Napoleon and he strategically retreated from Moscow, submitting the French to the harsh winter and Russian cavalry. Napoleon's devastated army retreated to Paris, and Kutuzov became the personification of Russian spirit and character. Kutuzov's survival of two nearly mortal head wounds created the legends, additional mystery, and drama surrounding him, not the least astonishing of which was the skilled neurosurgical care that probably saved his life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberE3
JournalNeurosurgical Focus
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Moscow
Head
Wounds and Injuries
Russia
Drama
Cheek
Paris
Tooth
History
Health

Keywords

  • Gunshot wound
  • Head injury
  • History of neurosurgery
  • Massot
  • Mikhail kutuzov
  • Napoleon bonaparte
  • Neurological trauma
  • War of 1812

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Kushchayev, S. V., Belykh, E., Fishchenko, Y., Salei, A., Teytelboym, O. M., Shabaturov, L., ... Preul, M. C. (2015). Two bullets to the head and an early winter: Fate permits Kutuzov to defeat Napoleon at Moscow. Neurosurgical Focus, 39(1), [E3]. https://doi.org/10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1596

Two bullets to the head and an early winter : Fate permits Kutuzov to defeat Napoleon at Moscow. / Kushchayev, Sergiy V.; Belykh, Evgenii; Fishchenko, Yakiv; Salei, Aliaksei; Teytelboym, Oleg M.; Shabaturov, Leonid; Cruse, Markus; Preul, Mark C.

In: Neurosurgical Focus, Vol. 39, No. 1, E3, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kushchayev, SV, Belykh, E, Fishchenko, Y, Salei, A, Teytelboym, OM, Shabaturov, L, Cruse, M & Preul, MC 2015, 'Two bullets to the head and an early winter: Fate permits Kutuzov to defeat Napoleon at Moscow', Neurosurgical Focus, vol. 39, no. 1, E3. https://doi.org/10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1596
Kushchayev SV, Belykh E, Fishchenko Y, Salei A, Teytelboym OM, Shabaturov L et al. Two bullets to the head and an early winter: Fate permits Kutuzov to defeat Napoleon at Moscow. Neurosurgical Focus. 2015;39(1). E3. https://doi.org/10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1596
Kushchayev, Sergiy V. ; Belykh, Evgenii ; Fishchenko, Yakiv ; Salei, Aliaksei ; Teytelboym, Oleg M. ; Shabaturov, Leonid ; Cruse, Markus ; Preul, Mark C. / Two bullets to the head and an early winter : Fate permits Kutuzov to defeat Napoleon at Moscow. In: Neurosurgical Focus. 2015 ; Vol. 39, No. 1.
@article{8968f7abbc3949a49f60666eeb23a338,
title = "Two bullets to the head and an early winter: Fate permits Kutuzov to defeat Napoleon at Moscow",
abstract = "General Mikhail Kutuzov (circa 1745-1813) brilliantly repelled Napoleon's invasion of Russia. Honored as a national hero and a savior of Russia, Kutuzov has a unique medical story. He was shot in the head twice while fighting the Turks (1774 and 1788) and survived the serious injuries seemingly against all odds. The first bullet {"}ran through the head from one temple to the other behind both eyes.{"} The second bullet entered the cheek, destroyed upper teeth, traveled through the head, and exited the occiput. Massot, a French surgeon with the Russian army, wrote after treating Kutuzov's seemingly two mortal wounds: {"}It must be believed that fate appoints Kutuzov to something great, because he was still alive after two injuries, a death sentence by all the rules of medical science.{"} Aided by Massot's expert surgical technique, Kutuzov lived to become intimately engaged in events that altered world history. His health did, however, suffer significant effects due to the bullet wounds. In 1812, as Napoleon's Grande Arm{\'e}e approached, Kutuzov realized he could not confront Napoleon and he strategically retreated from Moscow, submitting the French to the harsh winter and Russian cavalry. Napoleon's devastated army retreated to Paris, and Kutuzov became the personification of Russian spirit and character. Kutuzov's survival of two nearly mortal head wounds created the legends, additional mystery, and drama surrounding him, not the least astonishing of which was the skilled neurosurgical care that probably saved his life.",
keywords = "Gunshot wound, Head injury, History of neurosurgery, Massot, Mikhail kutuzov, Napoleon bonaparte, Neurological trauma, War of 1812",
author = "Kushchayev, {Sergiy V.} and Evgenii Belykh and Yakiv Fishchenko and Aliaksei Salei and Teytelboym, {Oleg M.} and Leonid Shabaturov and Markus Cruse and Preul, {Mark C.}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1596",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "39",
journal = "Neurosurgical Focus",
issn = "1092-0684",
publisher = "American Association of Neurological Surgeons",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Two bullets to the head and an early winter

T2 - Fate permits Kutuzov to defeat Napoleon at Moscow

AU - Kushchayev, Sergiy V.

AU - Belykh, Evgenii

AU - Fishchenko, Yakiv

AU - Salei, Aliaksei

AU - Teytelboym, Oleg M.

AU - Shabaturov, Leonid

AU - Cruse, Markus

AU - Preul, Mark C.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - General Mikhail Kutuzov (circa 1745-1813) brilliantly repelled Napoleon's invasion of Russia. Honored as a national hero and a savior of Russia, Kutuzov has a unique medical story. He was shot in the head twice while fighting the Turks (1774 and 1788) and survived the serious injuries seemingly against all odds. The first bullet "ran through the head from one temple to the other behind both eyes." The second bullet entered the cheek, destroyed upper teeth, traveled through the head, and exited the occiput. Massot, a French surgeon with the Russian army, wrote after treating Kutuzov's seemingly two mortal wounds: "It must be believed that fate appoints Kutuzov to something great, because he was still alive after two injuries, a death sentence by all the rules of medical science." Aided by Massot's expert surgical technique, Kutuzov lived to become intimately engaged in events that altered world history. His health did, however, suffer significant effects due to the bullet wounds. In 1812, as Napoleon's Grande Armée approached, Kutuzov realized he could not confront Napoleon and he strategically retreated from Moscow, submitting the French to the harsh winter and Russian cavalry. Napoleon's devastated army retreated to Paris, and Kutuzov became the personification of Russian spirit and character. Kutuzov's survival of two nearly mortal head wounds created the legends, additional mystery, and drama surrounding him, not the least astonishing of which was the skilled neurosurgical care that probably saved his life.

AB - General Mikhail Kutuzov (circa 1745-1813) brilliantly repelled Napoleon's invasion of Russia. Honored as a national hero and a savior of Russia, Kutuzov has a unique medical story. He was shot in the head twice while fighting the Turks (1774 and 1788) and survived the serious injuries seemingly against all odds. The first bullet "ran through the head from one temple to the other behind both eyes." The second bullet entered the cheek, destroyed upper teeth, traveled through the head, and exited the occiput. Massot, a French surgeon with the Russian army, wrote after treating Kutuzov's seemingly two mortal wounds: "It must be believed that fate appoints Kutuzov to something great, because he was still alive after two injuries, a death sentence by all the rules of medical science." Aided by Massot's expert surgical technique, Kutuzov lived to become intimately engaged in events that altered world history. His health did, however, suffer significant effects due to the bullet wounds. In 1812, as Napoleon's Grande Armée approached, Kutuzov realized he could not confront Napoleon and he strategically retreated from Moscow, submitting the French to the harsh winter and Russian cavalry. Napoleon's devastated army retreated to Paris, and Kutuzov became the personification of Russian spirit and character. Kutuzov's survival of two nearly mortal head wounds created the legends, additional mystery, and drama surrounding him, not the least astonishing of which was the skilled neurosurgical care that probably saved his life.

KW - Gunshot wound

KW - Head injury

KW - History of neurosurgery

KW - Massot

KW - Mikhail kutuzov

KW - Napoleon bonaparte

KW - Neurological trauma

KW - War of 1812

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84935504196&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84935504196&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1596

DO - 10.3171/2015.3.FOCUS1596

M3 - Article

C2 - 26126402

AN - SCOPUS:84935504196

VL - 39

JO - Neurosurgical Focus

JF - Neurosurgical Focus

SN - 1092-0684

IS - 1

M1 - E3

ER -