Twitter as the people’s microphone: Emergence of authorities during protest tweeting

Alexander Halavais, Maria Garrido

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The elections in Iran in 2009, and the protests that followed, have been called the “Twitter Revolution”. The phrase is ambiguous: Was the revolution in Iran, or in the way the technology of protest affects public perceptions? In public protests that have followed, microblogging-publicly disseminating short messages on the Internet-has continued to be employed by protesters and by the public observing protests. The use of Twitter during the London G20 protests, the Iranian elections, and other protests made 2009 a turning point for Twitter as a political tool. 1 Whereas there are a wide range of ways in which individuals tweet, 2 a set of protest-oriented tweeting styles emerged out of these events: Tweets that called protesters to action, kept them coordinated and informed during protests, and established what was important about the events: What they meant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCyberactivism on the Participatory Web
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9781134623372
ISBN (Print)9780415709033
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Computer Science(all)


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