Tubular lanthanum cobaltite perovskite type membrane for oxygen permeation

Shiguang Li, Wanqin Jin, Pei Huang, Nanping Xu, Jun Shi, Y. S. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tubular La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O(3-δ) perovskite membranes were prepared by isostatic pressing. The oxygen permeation fluxes were measured at various downstream oxygen partial pressures and temperatures. The oxygen permeation flux through the tubular membrane is about 0.21cm3/cm2min(STP) at 1173K, when the oxygen partial pressure on the feed (P(O(2))') and permeate sides (P(O(2))'') are 0.21 and 1x10-3atm, respectively. The oxygen permeation flux increases sharply around 1073K due to an order-disorder transition of the oxygen vacancies. Oxygen permeation flux decreases with increasing downstream oxygen partial pressure. The change in oxygen permeation flux from unsteady state to steady state is analyzed using the oxygen vacancy concentration transfer model. Oxygen fluxes increase with increasing helium flow rate but are insensitive to the air flow rate, which is in agreement with the oxygen permeation flux equation. The oxygen flux decreased slightly after long-term operation over 110h. Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis indicates that SrSO4, CoSO4, SrO, Co2O3, and La2O3 are formed on the surfaces of the tubular membrane due to interaction with trace SO2 in the air and helium, and segregation of surface elements. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-61
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume166
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 14 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gas separation
  • Inorganic membranes
  • Membrane preparation and structure
  • Perovskite type
  • Tubular dense membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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