Trauma-induced changes in diaphyseal cross-sectional geometry in two elites from Copan, Honduras

Kenneth C. Nystrom, Jane Buikstra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This research utilized biplanar radiographs to estimate cross-sectional biomechanical properties for the skeletal remains of two elite individuals from the Early Classic period (ca. AD 400-600) of Copan, Honduras: K'inich Yax K'uk' Mo' (Hunal Burial 95-2), founder of the Early Classic Dynasty at Copan, and the primary female interment (Burial 37-8) from the Motmot tomb. Both individuals survived severe blunt-force insults to the right forearm. Gross skeletal examination and evaluation of the radiographs for K'inich Yax K'uk' Mo' suggest that these traumas resulted from, at least in part, disuse atrophy of the affected forearm skeletal elements. Gross and radiologic evaluation of the Motmot remains countered the possibility that she suffered from a metabolic bone disease, and confirmed the presence of a well-healed parry fracture of the right ulna. The degree of asymmetry in cross-sectional biomechanical properties reported here for K'inich Yax K'uk' Mo' is likely the secondary result of the described blunt-force trauma. The results obtained for the principal Motmot interment are not as dramatic, but suggest subtle changes to humeral cross-sectional geometry subsequent to trauma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)791-800
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume128
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Honduras
trauma
Burial
elite
mathematics
developmental orthopedic disease
Forearm
ulna
funeral
Wounds and Injuries
Ulna Fractures
atrophy
Atrophic Muscular Disorders
bone disease
Metabolic Bone Diseases
evaluation
asymmetry
examination
Research
geometry

Keywords

  • Biplanar radiographs
  • Copan
  • Paleoradiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Anthropology

Cite this

Trauma-induced changes in diaphyseal cross-sectional geometry in two elites from Copan, Honduras. / Nystrom, Kenneth C.; Buikstra, Jane.

In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 128, No. 4, 12.2005, p. 791-800.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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