Trauma Among Street-Involved Youth

Kimberly A. Bender, Sanna J. Thompson, Kristin M. Ferguson, Jamie R. Yoder, Leah Kern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous research documents that street-involved youth experience rates of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that are significantly higher than their housed counterparts. Trauma and PTSD are of particular concern for homeless youth as they can negatively affect youths' ability to function adaptively and to transition off the streets. This mixed-methods study investigates the intricacies of trauma experienced by homeless youth across three U.S. cities. Qualitative interviews were conducted with a sample of 145 homeless youth in Los Angeles (n = 50), Denver (n = 50), and Austin (n = 45) to explore youths' perspectives on the definition of trauma and the contexts associated with victimization. Quantitative standardized assessments investigated youths' trauma experiences before and after becoming homeless. Trauma screening identified high rates of trauma incidents (78%), with 28% of participants meeting criteria for PTSD. Participants reported various traumatic experiences that occurred before leaving home and while on the streets, and high rates of polyvictimization. Qualitative themes describe particular people and places most vulnerable on the streets. Implications for services to prevent and treat trauma among homeless youth are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-64
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • homeless youth
  • trauma
  • victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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