Transport model for a high temperature, mixed conducting CO2 separation membrane

Jennifer L. Wade, Klaus S. Lackner, Alan C. West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

High temperature membranes for CO2 separation could lead to more efficient energy conversion systems and more effective means of CO2 capture in power plants. One concept for a membrane that can separate CO2 at high temperatures from a gas mixture is described here. A theoretical model is presented to describe the steady state flux of CO2 through a mixed conducting, dual-phase membrane consisting of solid oxide and molten carbonate phases. An analytical flux solution is derived for the case in which only ionic conduction is present. The limiting factor dominating the flux of CO2 is the oxide ion conductivity. To take advantage of solid oxide materials with higher ionic conductivities, the additional presence of n-type electronic conductivity under low oxygen atmospheres is also investigated. Using numerical and perturbation techniques we show that the presence of electronic conduction will never be great enough to overwhelm the CO2 separation mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1530-1540
Number of pages11
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume178
Issue number27-28
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CO capture
  • CO separation
  • Dense ionic membranes
  • Dual-phase membranes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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