Translating Physical Activity Recommendations into a Pedometer-Based Step Goal. 3000 Steps in 30 Minutes

Simon J. Marshall, Susan S. Levy, Catrine E. Tudor-Locke, Fred W. Kolkhorst, Karen M. Wooten, Ming Ji, Caroline A. Macera, Barbara Ainsworth

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234 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: It is a public health recommendation to accumulate at least 150 minutes per week of moderate intensity physical activity. Although pedometers are widely used as a physical activity-monitoring tool, they are unable to measure activity intensity. Translating current physical activity recommendations into a pedometer-based guideline could increase the public health impact of physical activity interventions. Methods: A community sample of 97 adults (60% women, with a mean age of 32.1 [±10.6] years and a mean BMI of 28.8 [±5.5]) completed four 6-minute incremental walking bouts on a level treadmill at 65, 80, 95, and 110 m·min-1. A calibrated metabolic cart was used to measure energy expenditure at each speed. Steps were measured using a Yamax SW-200 pedometer. Step-rate cut points associated with minimally moderate-intensity activity (defined as 3 METs) were determined using multiple regression, mixed modeling, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. All data were collected and analyzed in 2006. Results: For men, step counts per minute associated with walking at 3 METs were 92 step·min-1 (multiple regression); 101 step·min-1 (mixed modeling); and 102 step·min-1 (ROC curve). For women, step counts per minute associated with walking at 3 METs were 91 step·min-1 (multiple regression); 111 step·min-1 (mixed modeling); and 115 step·min-1 (ROC curve). However, for each analysis there was substantial error in model fit. Conclusions: Moderate-intensity walking appears approximately equal to at least 100 step·min-1. However, step counts per minute is a poor proxy for METs, and so 100 step·min-1 should be used only as a general physical activity promotion heuristic. To meet current guidelines, individuals are encouraged to walk a minimum of 3000 steps in 30 minutes on 5 days each week. Three bouts of 1000 steps in 10 minutes each day can also be used to meet the recommended goal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)410-415
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of preventive medicine
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Marshall, S. J., Levy, S. S., Tudor-Locke, C. E., Kolkhorst, F. W., Wooten, K. M., Ji, M., Macera, C. A., & Ainsworth, B. (2009). Translating Physical Activity Recommendations into a Pedometer-Based Step Goal. 3000 Steps in 30 Minutes. American journal of preventive medicine, 36(5), 410-415. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.01.021