Transition enthalpies and entropies of high pressure zinc metasilicates and zinc metagermanates

Kurt Leinenweber, Alexandra Navrotsky, Paul McMillan, Eiji Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The enthalpies of transition at T= 298 K between zinc metasilicate assemblages, measured by molten oxide solution calorimetry, are: {Mathematical expression}(1) {Mathematical expression}(2) For reaction (1), the measured enthalpy is lower than the value 15.7±2.0 kJ/mol from the phase boundary of Syono et al. The P-T slope derived from the calorimetric data has a somewhat greater value than that of the line chosen by Syono et al., but is still consistent with the individual data points in that study. For reaction (2), the measured enthalpy of transformation is in close agreement with the value 54.0±5.1 kJ/mol estimated from the phase boundary of Akimoto et al, and with the value 50.9±3.2 kJ/mol from the phase boundary of Ohtani, which is parallel to and 0.6 GPa lower than Akimoto's. All estimates assume a pressure-independent volume of transition. For the zinc metagermanate composition, measured heats of transformation are: {Mathematical expression}(3) {Mathematical expression}(4) Raman and infrared spectra of ZnSiO3 clinopyroxene and ilmenite are presented. The entropy change for the clinopyroxene → ilmenite transiton is calculated from the spectra and estimates for the directionally-averaged acoustic velocities, using the Kieffer model for the vibrational density of states. The value ΔS = -12±5 J/mol·K, calculated using a variety of plausible densities of states, agrees with the value from phase equilibria, ΔS = -12.7±6.0 J/mol·K.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)799-808
Number of pages10
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Phase boundaries
enthalpy
entropy
Ilmenite
Zinc
Enthalpy
Entropy
zinc
ilmenite
clinopyroxene
calorimetry
Acoustic wave velocity
Calorimetry
phase equilibrium
Phase equilibria
Oxides
Molten materials
acoustics
Mathematical transformations
oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Transition enthalpies and entropies of high pressure zinc metasilicates and zinc metagermanates. / Leinenweber, Kurt; Navrotsky, Alexandra; McMillan, Paul; Ito, Eiji.

In: Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 16, No. 8, 01.11.1989, p. 799-808.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Leinenweber, Kurt ; Navrotsky, Alexandra ; McMillan, Paul ; Ito, Eiji. / Transition enthalpies and entropies of high pressure zinc metasilicates and zinc metagermanates. In: Physics and Chemistry of Minerals. 1989 ; Vol. 16, No. 8. pp. 799-808.
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