Transgene expression, bioactivity, and safety of CERE-120 (AAV2-Neurturin) following delivery to the monkey striatum

Christopher D. Herzog, Biplob Dass, Mehdi Gasmi, Roy Bakay, James E. Stansell, Mark Tuszynski, Krystof Bankiewicz, Er Yun Chen, Yaping Chu, Kathie Bishop, Jeffrey H. Kordower, Raymond T. Bartus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neurturin (NTN) is a neurotrophic factor for dopaminergic neurons that may be therapeutic for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). As a crucial component in a series of nonclinical translational studies aimed at testing whether CERE-120 should advance into clinical trials in PD subjects, we characterized the expression, bioactivity and safety of CERE-120, an adeno-associated virus type-2 (AAV2) vector encoding NTN, following delivery to the striatum of nonhuman primates. Monkeys received bilateral injections of CERE-120 across a tenfold range of doses (6 × 1010 to 6 × 1011 vector genomes per animal) or formulation buffer (FB) control. We report here, for the first time, a dose-related: increase in NTN protein expression within the striatum and substantia nigra (SN) pars compacta of nonhuman primates; increase in nigrostriatal tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), (the rate-limited enzyme for dopamine); and activation of phosphorylated signal-regulated kinase (a common neurotrophic signaling event). Additionally, extensive toxicology testing revealed no adverse effects of CERE-120 on in-life measures, neurotoxicity (in any site throughout the brain) or systemic pathology (in any organ or tissue) across the tenfold range of doses. Collectively, these data provide substantial novel evidence for the potential utility of CERE-120 as a novel treatment for PD and support ongoing clinical trials testing CERE-120 in PD patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1737-1744
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular Therapy
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

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