Trajectories of prosocial behaviors conducive to civic outcomes during the transition to adulthood: The predictive role of family dynamics

Bernadette P. Luengo Kanacri, Concetta Pastorelli, Antonio Zuffianò, Nancy Eisenberg, Rosalba Ceravolo, Gian Vittorio Caprara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study explored the prediction of civic engagement by diverse trajectories of prosocial behaviors as well family dynamics (i.e., filial self-efficacy and relational parent-child support) across four times of assessment (from age 16-17 to age 22-23) during the transition to adulthood. Three different trajectories of prosocial behaviors were identified for 686 Italian youths: high-increasing (18%), medium-stable (48%), and low-stable (34%). An increasing pattern of change in prosocial behaviors was predicted by filial self-efficacy at age 16-17, which in turn mediated longitudinal relations to civic engagement and civic values at age 22-23. Results highlighted that during the transition to adulthood youths' beliefs about their ability to negotiate with their parents without losing autonomy and relatedness are relevant in promoting prosocial behaviors and civic involvement, especially in the context of Mediterranean countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1529-1539
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume37
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Keywords

  • Civic engagement
  • Filial self-efficacy
  • Latent class growth analysis
  • Parental support
  • Prosocial behavior
  • Transition to adulthood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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