Trajectories of acculturation and enculturation in relation to heavy episodic drinking and marijuana use in a sample of Mexican American serious juvenile offenders

Sandra Losoya, George P. Knight, Laurie Chassin, Michelle Little, Delfino Vargas-Chanes, Anne Mauricio, Alex Piquero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines the longitudinal relations of multiple dimensions of acculturation and enculturation to heavy episodic drinking and marijuana use in a sample of 300 male, Mexican-American, serious juvenile offenders. We track trajectories between ages 15 and 20 and also consider the effects of participants' time spent residing in supervised settings during these years. Results showed some (although not entirely consistent) support for the hypothesis that bicultural adaptation is most functional in terms of lowered substance use involvement. The current findings demonstrate the importance of examining these relations longitudinally and among multiple dimensions of acculturation and enculturation, and they call into question simple models that suggest that greater acculturation is associated with greater substance use among Mexican-American adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-198
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Drug Issues
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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